Australia has had 29 prime ministers since Federation in 1901. Follow the links below to learn about their lives and the times in which they lived.
Explore the range of objects related to prime ministers in the National Museum of Australia's Collection Explorer.
Prime ministers are listed in order from earliest to latest, starting with Edmund Barton.
For more recent prime ministers, see the National Archives of Australia website:
Prime Minister two times from 3 December 2007 to 24 June 2010 and from 27 June 2013 to 7 September 2013
More on Kevin Rudd on the National Archives of Australia website
Prime Minister from 24 June 2010 to 27 June 2013
More on Julia Gillard on the National Archives of Australia website
Prime Minister from 18 September 2013 to 15 September 2015
More on Tony Abbott on the National Archives of Australia website
Prime Minister from 15 September 2015
More on Malcolm Turnbull on the National Archives of Australia website