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Bark painting.

Coat of Arms (back) by Narritjin Maymuru

1 Comments, suggestions and feedback can be made through the Return, Reconcile, Renew website

2 Australian Government, Department of Communications and the Arts, Australian Government Policy on Indigenous Repatriation, 2011 (PDF) (Accessed 7 August 2019)

3 United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People, 2007 (Accessed 7 August 2019)

4 Shannon Faulkhead and Jim Berg, Power and the Passion: Our Ancestors Return Home, Melbourne, Koorie Heritage Trust Inc., 2010.

5 Museums Australia, Continuous Cultures, Ongoing Responsibilities: Principles and Guidelines for Australian Museums Working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Cultural Heritage, February 2005 (PDF) (Accessed 7 August 2019)

6 Museums Australia, Continuous Cultures, Ongoing Responsibilities, February 2005 (PDF) (Accessed 7 August 2019). Numerous references are made in explicit and implicit support of repatriation throughout this document. This series of quotes is an edited version of the Ancestral Remains section, identifying the strongest statements.

7 Australian Archaeological Association, Code of Ethics

8 World Archaeological Congress, Code of Ethics, 2019 (Accessed 7 August 2019)

9 World Archaeological Congress, Code of Ethics, 2019 (Accessed 7 August 2019)

10 P Veth, press release, 2003 (Accessed 22 June 2009; the page has since been removed)

11 C Smith, ‘World Archaeological Congress Supports Return of Aboriginal Bones from British Museum World Archaeological Congress’, media release, 2003 (Accessed 22 June 2009; the page has since been removed)

12 Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies n.d., Guidelines for Ethical Research in Indigenous Studies (Accessed 7 August 2019)

13 Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies n.d. Guidelines for Ethical Research in Indigenous Studies

14 Australian Government, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act 1984 (Accessed 7 August 2019), Div. 3, S 20 and 21

15 Australian Government 2000 John Howard — Joint statement with Tony Blair on Aboriginal Remains (Accessed 7 August 2019)

16 Australian Government, Department of Communication and the Arts, Indigenous Repatriation, 2019 (Accessed 7 August 2019)

17 Australian Government, Department of Communications and the Arts, Australian Government Policy on Indigenous Repatriation, 2011 (PDF) (Accessed 7 November 2019)

18 Museums Australia, Continuous Cultures, Ongoing Responsibilities, February 2005 (PDF) (Accessed 7 August 2019)

19 Australian Government, Department of Communications and the Arts, Australian Government Policy on Indigenous Repatriation, 2011 (PDF) (Accessed 7 November 2019)

Office of Environment and Heritage, New South Wales Government, Aboriginal Heritage Legislation in NSW: Comparing the NSW Aboriginal Heritage System with Other Australian Systems, 2012 (PDF) (Accessed 7 August 2019)

University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan. Appendix B: Relevant Legislation for the Protection and Management of Aboriginal Cultural Heritage in New South Wales, October 2002 (PDF) (Accessed 7 August 2019)

National Native Title Tribunal, Commonwealth, State and Territory Heritage Regimes: Summary of Provisions for Aboriginal consultation: A Report Prepared for the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, December 2010 (PDF) (Accessed 7 August 2019)

20 National Park Service, US Department of the Interior n.d., National NAGPRA (Accessed 7 November 2019)

21 Kimberley Aboriginal Law and Culture Centre webpage (Accessed 12 August 2019)

22 This is the case with the Museum of New Zealand/Te Papa Tongarewa (Accessed 7 August 2019)

23 Museums Australia, Continuous Cultures, Ongoing Responsibilities, February 2005 (PDF) (Accessed 7 August 2019)

24 For example, see United Kingdom Department for Culture, Media and Sport, ‘Guidance for the Care of Human Remains in Museums’, 2005 (PDF) (Accessed 7 August 2019)

Deutscher Museumsbund, Recommendations for the Care of Human Remains, 2013 (Accessed 7 August 2019)

25 Aboriginal Land Rights Commissioner, 1986 Reform (PDF) (Accessed 7 August 2019)

See also Graeme Neate, Aboriginal Land Rights Law in the Northern Territory, vol. 1, chp 7, Alternative Publishing Cooperative Ltd, Chippendale, NSW, 1989.

26 Australian Government, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act 1984 (Accessed 7 August 2019)

27 Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies Mura Catalogue (Accessed 7 August 2019)

28 Geoscience Australia Gazetteer of Australia ‘Place Name Search’ (Accessed 7 August 2019)

29 Australian Government, Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976 (Accessed 7 August 2019)

30 Australian Government, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act 1984 (Accessed 7 August 2019)

31 Australian Government, Native Title Act 1993 (Accessed 7 August 2019)

32 AUSTLANG, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (Accessed 7 August 2019)

33 Advisory Committee for Indigenous Repatriation, 2014 National Resting Place Consultation Report, Commonwealth of Australia (Accessed 7 August 2019)

34 Australian Government, Department of Communication and the Arts 2019 Indigenous Repatriation (Accessed 7 August 2019)

Australian Government, Department of Communication and the Arts 2019 Information for communities scientific testing on Indigenous ancestral remains (Accessed 7 November 2019)

35 Wikipedia, ‘Shovel-shaped incisors’, 2019 (Accessed 7 November 2019)

36 Wikipedia, ‘Discrimination based on hair texture’, 2019

M Trotter, OH Duggins, FM Setzler, ‘Hair of Australian Aborigines’, in Charles Mountford (ed.), Records of the American-Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land, 1956–64, vol. 2: Anthropology and Nutrition, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, pp. 195–202, 1960.

37 National Centre for Indigenous Genomics, Australian National University (Accessed 7 August 2019)

38 International Council of Museums, ICOM Code of Ethics for Museums, 2006 (Accessed 7 August 2019)

39 United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (PDF) (Accessed 7 August 2019)

40 Department of Communication and the Arts 2018 Indigenous Repatriation (Accessed 7 August 2019)

41 National Museum of Australia Policies (Accessed 7 August 2019)

42 Try a web search on ‘Michael Pickering, National Museum of Australia, Repatriation’ for a test case.

43 University of Bradford Biological Anthropology Research Centre (PDF) (Accessed 7 August 2019)

44 Australian Government Department of Communications and the Arts provides useful information on scientific testing as well as what communities should request of researchers (Accessed 7 August 2019)

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