Skip to content

See Plan your visit for important visitor and safety information including a request to provide your first name and a contact number.

  • Open
  • Free general admission
Three men examine rusted remants of a clock.
National Museum Senior Curator Matthew Higgins, centre, joins Alan Reid, right, and donor John Boddington with remnants of the Southern Cloud clock

Remnant from the wreckage of a major air disaster

Southern Cloud memorial, listing crew and passenger names. - click to view larger image
The memorial at the Southern Cloud crash site

A five-shilling school yard sale resulted in the National Museum of Australia acquiring a wrecked clock from Australia's first major civil air disaster.

The clock was salvaged from the wreck of the Southern Cloud, which crashed in the Snowy Mountains during bad weather on a Sydney to Melbourne flight in 1931.

An initial search for the Southern Cloud failed to find the plane. Its mysterious disappearance and the loss of the eight people on board captured the nation's attention.

Southern Cloud was one of five Avro X aircraft operated by Australian National Airways. The company was founded in 1929 by aviation pioneers Charles Kingsford Smith and Charles Ulm.

The aircraft wreckage was found by accident more than 20 years later.

A worker on the Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme discovered the plane near Deep Creek in 1958. Within days hundreds of people visited the site, many collecting souvenirs.

John Boddington, of Dalton, near Goulburn, bought the battered clock components in 1958 from a classmate at Canberra Grammar School, Alan Reid.

Alan's father was the former Canberra political journalist Alan Reid. Alan junior visited the site with his father and souvenired the clock from the aircraft's instrument panel.

More than 75 years after the plane went down, John donated the clock to the National Museum in Canberra.

Metallic casing and inner workings of clock with broken glass face
Remnants of the Southern Cloud clock
Bush scene showing dense undergrowth, bare tree trunks and hills in the distance.  - click to view larger image
The crash site in 2008

Air travel safer for all

National Museum senior curator Matthew Higgins visited the crash site in the 1980s and again in 2008. He has an enduring interest in the disaster.

Mr Higgins said the Southern Cloud tragedy played an important part in making air travel safer for Australians.

After the Southern Cloud crash, it was recommended that radios be installed in all regular passenger planes, so weather forecasts could be conveyed to pilots while they were in the air.

Matthew Higgins and Tom Sonter on their way to the wreck site - click to view larger image
National Museum of Australia senior curator Matthew Higgins and Tom Sonter on the way to the wreck site, 2008

Remembering Southern Cloud

The Southern Cloud story was remembered by many people on the occasion of the 50th anniversary in October 2008. At events organised by the Tumbarumba Historical Society and Tumbarumba Shire Council, over 100 people, including large numbers of descendants of the people killed in the crash, attended various events in Tumbarumba and at the newly opened memorial lookout south of the town.

Then, with added assistance from Snowy Hydro and the New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service, a large contingent visited the crash site in the rugged and wild upper reaches of the Tooma River valley. At the centre of the activities was Tom Sonter, the Snowy Scheme worker who had chanced upon the wreckage exactly 50 years before.

In our collection

Ruined dashboard clock from Australian National Airways Avro X aircraft 'Southern Cloud', which crashed in 1931Ruined dashboard clock from Avro X aircraft 'Southern Cloud'. The clock is in pieces, including: a round rusty metal clock case with a small bolt hanging from the rim on the side; two circular clock face bezels, one with a ridged surface pattern; a severely corroded clock face without numerals or hands, a rust-stained base plate...

Joy flights, feats and disasters: A journey through 1920s and 1930s aviation in the National Historical Collection

Curator Jennifer Wilson shares the stories of some rarely-seen aviation objects, from plane parts to photos, to illustrate the realities and romanticism of the foundation-era of Australian aviation.
Open player in a new tab
Presenters: Jennifer Wilson, with an introduction by Kirsten Wehner


Return to Top