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A recumbent bicycle with carbon fibre tailbox and two different size wheels. The rear wheel is larger and and has a black wheel cover. The pedals are in front of the front wheel. The steering is above seat. The body of the bicycle is black in colour with some bright yellow stripes. The text ' Velokraft ' is orange in colour and is printed on the frame in front of the bike. The orange colour is also on the top of the tailbox.
The VK2 Velokraft recumbent bike used by Peter Heal on his record-breaking rides across and around Australia in 2009 and 2010. Peter Heal collection, National Museum of Australia

Solo distance records in Australia

Canberra cyclist Peter Heal rode this Velokraft carbon fibre recumbent bike when he set two of the most contested solo distance cycling records in Australia.

In 2009, Heal pedalled this bike from Fremantle to Sydney in 11 days, 17 hours and eight minutes, breaking the record for a solo and unsupported crossing of continent by more than two days. The next year, Heal covered around 15,000 kilometres on the same machine, cycling alone around Australia in 48 days, 23 hours and 37 minutes, again lowering the previous record by approximately two days.

See Peter Heal's recumbent bike up close

Recumbent bicycles can be up to 30 per cent more efficient than an upright bicycle, with the horizontal position of the rider reducing wind resistance and making the bike more aerodynamically efficient. Click on an image below for more images and information.


Colour photo showing the side view of a recumbent bike with black tail fairings and bright yellow trim

Colour photo showing the side view of the front section of a recumbent bike, with handlebars, front wheel, crankset and part of the chain

Colour photo showing a close up view of the crank set and pedals on a bike

Colour photo showing a closeup view of a bike's crank set, with two small lights mounted on the frame, and two small yellow reflective strips

Side view showing the back section of a recumbent bike

Colour photo, taken from above, showing a close up view of a bike's handlebars, with rubber handgrips and rear vision mirror

Colour photo, taken from above, showing the black mesh seat of a recumbent bicylce, with handlbars and rear fairings also visible

Close up colour photograph showing the side view of the tail box on a recumbent bike. Yellow and black Neon strips have been added for visibility

Irresistible challenge

Colour photograph showing the front section of a recumbent bicycle and part of a man's leg, with this cycling shoe resting on a pedal. The bike is at the far left of a bitumen road, with a scrubby hill and cloudy sky ahead.
A view from the cockpit: Peter Heal cycles through the Kimberley on his around Australia cycling journey, 2010, Peter Heal

The vastness of the Australian continent has posed an irresistible challenge to generations of explorers, adventurers and athletes. When the first bicycles arrived in the colonies in the 1870s, cyclists soon looked to traverse great distances, first between the cities, then through the heart of the interior.

Roads and bicycles have improved since those times, yet the desire to move across the country by human power alone continues to captivate adventurous cyclists today.

Recumbents break records

Colour photograph of a cyclist standing beside a recumbent bicycle. Bondi Beach is visible in the background.
Peter Heal at the end of this ride from Fremantle in Western Australia to Bondi Beach in New South Wales, 6 August 2009. After riding 4014 kilometres in 11 days and 17 hours, Heal then rode his bike home, from Sydney to Canberra, Peter Heal

Bicycles where the rider is in a laid-back or reclined position are called recumbents, or human powered vehicles. Various designs exist with either two or three wheels. Recumbents first became popular when cyclists began using them to break speed records in Europe in the 1920s. They were probably first used in Australia in the 1930s. People who ride recumbents like them because they are comfortable and fast, and allow them to ride further than if they were riding a conventional, or upright, bicycle.

In 1934, the world cycling governing body for sports cycling, the UCI (or Union Cycliste Internationale), banned recumbents from all competitive racing due to their aerodynamic advantages. The ban is still in place today. Nevertheless, outside UCI sanctioned competitions, recumbents hold every unpaced, human-powered distance and speed record in the world. A fully faired recumbent bicycle has been pedalled at over 133 km per hour on flat terrain in the United States of America.

In 2000, Eric Barone set a new land speed record for a bicycle, using a specially designed aerodynamic upright bike, helmet and clothing, to record a top speed of 222 km per hour, riding downhill on snow in the French Alps.

Solo and unsupported

To qualify as a solo and unsupported record, these journeys must follow an informally agreed upon route and pass through a number of towns identified as control points, where photographic evidence must be taken. Pre-arranged support in the form picking up supplies at a friend’s home or shelter is permitted in just four locations. No pre-arranged guides or drafting (riding behind another vehicle) is allowed.

On both journeys, Heal rode between 280 and 400 kilometres each day, staying in motels and roadhouses. Where no accommodation was available, he slept beside the road in a lightweight bivouac bag. For sustenance, he carried a musette bag packed with muesli bars, muffins, bananas and chocolate bars under his left arm that could be reached while cruising along.

Heal used a tracking device that sent a signal to a satellite which then relayed his position to a special webpage which showed his progress, where he stayed overnight, even where he paused for lunch. News soon spread and he attracted a dedicated following across the country.

Modest reflections

Colour photograph showing a cyclist on a recumbent bike, on a bitumen road. The rider is looking ahead and has made the 'thumbs up' sign with his right hand.
Peter Heal gives the 'thumbs up' as he nears home in Canberra, having successfully completed the Fremantle to Sydney ride in 2009, Peter Heal

Heal joins a long list of cyclists who have travelled great distances across Australia on human powered vehicles, yet he remains characteristically modest about his achievements. In Heal’s words:

Reflecting back on the journey [around Australia] now it all seems like somewhat of a dream. I can’t believe I was out there pedalling those distances for all those hours, every day. I never felt unsafe or threatened. I never felt I wouldn’t get to the end of the trip. It didn’t seem to be a super human effort — just an average bloke with a commitment to succeed and good planning.

Reflecting back on the journey [around Australia] now it all seems like somewhat of a dream. I can’t believe I was out there pedalling those distances for all those hours, every day. I never felt unsafe or threatened. I never felt I wouldn’t get to the end of the trip. It didn’t seem to be a super human effort — just an average bloke with a commitment to succeed and good planning.


This highlight was written by Daniel Oakman, Senior Curator, People and the Environment, National Museum of Australia.

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