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Studio portrait photograph of Elma Kris. - click to view larger image
Elma Kris

Elma Kris's clan is from the North Western and Central Islands of the Torres Strait, and she was raised on Waiben Island (Thursday Island).

She studied at the National Aboriginal Islander Skills Development Association (NAISDA) Dance College and first danced with Bangarra Dance Theatre in 1997, as well as forming her own dance group Bibir and dancing with the Aboriginal Islander Dance Theatre Company, before joining Bangarra full-time in 1999.

Her many choreographic credits include Bupau Ipikazil and Bupau Mabigal (NAISDA, 1994), Malu (Bibir Dance Company, 1998), the Torres Strait Island element of the Sydney Olympics Opening Ceremony (2000), Emeret Lu (Bangarra, True Stories, 2007; named Best New Work in 2007 Dance Australia Critics’ Survey) and About (Bangarra, Belong, 2011).

Kris’s film credits include Oscar and Lucinda, Reef Dreaming, Farscape and the ABC Radio broadcast Not Your Mob Next Door. Kris also performed in Bangarra’s feature film Spear.

In 2007 Kris won a Deadly Award for Dancer of the Year and in 2008 performed the title role in Mathinna. She has performed in both Bangarra’s 20th and 25th anniversary programs, as well as on numerous international tours. In 2013 she was invited to undertake a Visiting Fellowship with the Australian National University.

Elma Kris:

I hope to reconnect our people back to these objects and the stories they tell. They are valuable and an important resource to us as a surviving culture.

Artwork description

Elma Kris with her artwork.

Elma Kris, Bangarra Dance Theatre, with her installation in Unsettled

As the only Torres Strait Islander artist involved in this project, Kris provided a vital link between the cultures of the Islands, the objects in the British Museum’s collection and the Unsettled exhibition. Kris travelled to London and Cambridge to examine more than 200 objects in the Oceanic Collection at the British Museum.

Kris sought formal cultural permission from Torres Strait community elders to present the stories of 5 of these objects to a wider audience. Her research also involved spending time in the community to fully understand the significance of key objects from the collection.

Kris describes her approach as follows:

My creative inspiration is drawn from my culture, the past and present. I feel that what I learn, I must share and pass on. I’m interested in exploring the relationship between culture, and how it continues to connect my journey as a storyteller; the only way I know how to express this is as an artist.

It was a creative process, a spiritual and culturally empowering journey. Especially sitting with the communities and with the Elders that have given me the responsibility to tell their stories.

I believe culture has connected me with the past, and a deeper thinking, like a sacred place. Through my adulthood, the objects have come to me like a vision through my dreams. They do awaken me, and I feel they want to be awakened. Images, whether they are from land or sea, are so spiritual that it stays with me.

The project was an exciting opportunity for Kris as an artist, choreographer and educator to develop her professional skills as filmmaker.

The objects displayed were representations of 5 Torres Strait Islander artefacts from the Oceanic Collection. The objects hold intrinsic feminine importance to traditional Torres Strait Islander practice and were selected through consultation with community elders, the National Museum of Australia and the Australian National University.

Various objects in a gallery space.
Nguk Kadakapuydhan (Awaken)

Kris provides an explanation for why she chose the objects:

Warup (drum), from Tudu:

The warup is of an hourglass shape, reminiscent of the female form. It features a pattern of a waterspout, representing the female waterspout spirit, the Baiwa, that whispers stories through dreams. Though the woman must never be outspoken, the voice of the Baiwa is the voice of the drum, stronger than that of the man, reminding us of the strength and importance of the woman in families to nurture and provide life.

Mat, from Saibai:

The woven mat binds many leaves of different strengths and textures together, just as a community of individuals and families are bound together, sharing their strengths and weaknesses. Used by all Islanders, the mat is a symbol of welcoming, a place to gather and tell stories; a symbol of teaching as elders would sit on mats to teach; a healing symbol, used to lie on when ill; and a symbol of departure, where the deceased are placed for burial.

Bailer shell, from Mer:

The shell reminds me of the duties of a woman in families and the community. The vessel was used to scoop saltwater, delivering this resource for healing and cleansing.

Shell pendant, from Mer:

The pendant drew my attention quickly. It was originally found on Mer (Murray Island) and made from turtle shell. The ornament was divine, the engraving made it more beautiful, as if made to be a gift for a bride to wear. I felt the presence of the bride and a moment of sadness a mother feels when her daughter becomes part of another family – the sadness of the sea.

Photo, from Mer:

No one smiled, the four Tudu women and child stood silent, dressed in traditional clothing. Each woman could have been my great aka [grandmother]. The photo captures the beauty of these women, reminds us of our connection to the past, and reveals the memory of our Kulkalgal ancestors.



  • Elma Kris

Cultural Consultants & Permissions

  • Helen Anu
  • Peggy Misi
  • Lilah Noah (Mer)
  • Mer Ged Kem Les (TSI) Corporation RNTBC (PBC)
  • Tyson Kebisu (holder of the drum, grandson, Yam)
  • Ned David (repatriation, Yam)

Community Liaison Coordinator

  • Ebony Williams

Project Managers

  • Dr John Carty (ANU Research School of Humanities and the Arts)
  • Carolyn Hammer (Bangarra Dance Theatre)
  • Jhuny Boy Borja (Bangarra Dance Theatre)
  • Libby Collins (Bangarra Dance Theatre)

Director of Photography

  • Barry Nichols


  • Tiffany Parker

Video Assistant

  • Tamara Saunders


  • Jacob Nash


  • Steve Francis


  • Jimmy Bann
  • Eddie Baudu
  • Roy Kepa
  • Santioi Thaiday

Rehearsal Director

  • Emily Amisano


  • Elma Kris
  • Deborah Brown
  • Yolande Brown
  • Tara Gower
  • Jasmin Sheppard
  • Lilah Noah
  • Nellie Passi
  • Peah Kudub
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