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Presentation shield on a timber base. Near the top of the shield, in silver, 'PRESENTED / BY / ROYAL AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY OF N.S.W' is printed on a scroll above a silver relief scene from a rugby match. A gilded kangaroo and emu flank a gilded waratah wreath. - click to view larger image
Royal Agricultural Society Challenge Shield, 1908–13

The historic Royal Agricultural Society of New South Wales Challenge Shield has a strong association with the development of rugby league in Australia.

The game started in Australia as a rebel football competition established in defiance of the New South Wales Rugby Union.

A skilful fast-moving game that has the passionate support of its fans, it has grown to become one of the most popular of Australian sports.

The Challenge Shield was the first premiership trophy of the New South Wales Rugby League. It was presented to winners of the premiership in the first six years of first-grade rugby league competition in Australia.

Dally Messenger

Black and white portrait of Dally Messenger in 1908 wearing the Australian rugby league uniform. - click to view larger image
Portrait of Dally Messenger taken for the 1908–09 Kangaroo Tour of England

The shield was awarded from 1908 to 1913 when the Agricultural Showground – the 'Ag', or 'Agra', as it was known – was the home of rugby league in Sydney.

A beautiful black mahogany shield embossed with silver, it was won by South Sydney, Newtown and Eastern Suburbs.

It was presented to star Easts captain Herbert 'Dally' Messenger in 1913, after his club won the trophy three years running.

Messenger was a key figure in the early success of rugby league. He defected from rugby union and was a player of rare talent, who quickly attracted a strong following among fans. He went on to represent New South Wales and Australia.

Museum senior curator Guy Hansen said the shield's association with the genesis of rugby league in Australia, and its connection to the game's first great superstar, make it one of the most important rugby league objects held in a public collection in Australia.

The shield was acquired from Dally Messenger's family in 2004 and is now part of the National Historical Collection. It was one of the key objects on show in the National Museum exhibition League of Legends: 100 years of Rugby League in Australia, which toured nationally from 2008.

11 May 2008

100 years of rugby league in Australia panel discussion

The great and controversial moments of 100 years of rugby league in Australia are discussed by sports historians Ian Heads, Sean Fagan and Geoff Armstrong and curator Guy Hansen.
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Presenters: Geoff Armstrong, Guy Hansen, Ian Heads and Sean Fagan

In our collection

Royal Agricultural Society Challenge Shield presented to Herbert 'Dally' Messenger by the Eastern Suburbs District Rugby Foot...The Royal Agricultural Society Challenge Shield and a hanging chain. The shield has an almost-oval mahogany backboard is painted with black enamel paint and it has three decorative semi-circular recesses in the top and bottom edges. An irregularly-shaped Sterling silver plate forms its centrepiece, and it bears the maker's mark ...
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