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What makes Australian horses and riders distinctive? What differentiates their history from the histories of horses and riders in other countries?

Sharing bush horse stories

Portrait of Carol Cooper
Carol Cooper. Photo: Sharon Goddard

Join Carol Cooper, keen horsewoman and former senior curatorial fellow at the National Museum of Australia, as she explores the origins and passion for bush riding in Australia.

I believe that our early and continuing association with the bush is at the heart of the question about what it is that makes Australian bush horses and riders unique.

Here are some of my thoughts and research in conjunction with the National Museum of Australia's Spirited: Australia's Horse Story exhibition.

Carol Cooper

Neale Lavis and international victory for bush riding and horses

The incredible international victory for Australian rider Neale Lavis at the 1960 Rome Olympics three-day equestrian event is where I began my exploration of bush horses. How did Neale and two other Aussie farmers riding their 'Australian ponies,' rise above the longstanding equestrian traditions of Britain and Europe to win gold at this prestigious event?

Dashing horses, men and women of show-ring high jumping fame

The great bush riders and horses who gave inspiration to Neale Lavis include the Chittick family of Kangaroo Valley in New South Wales. These famous horses and riders competed in show-ring horse high-jumping events, an essential and incredibly exciting feature of Australian agricultural shows in the period 1900 to 1950.

These dashing horses, men and women commanded huge followings at shows along the eastern seaboard. Try picking who is horse and who is rider from names including Musician, Mrs Stace, Maisie, Bob Chittick, Nelson Chittick, Dariel, Rowley Doctor, Thumbs Up, Lady Radium, Dolly Fogg, Dungog, Emilie Roach and Azara!

Famous national horses and riders pitched themselves against local heroes and amazing feats of high jumping were celebrated with enormous rivalry and enthusiasm.

Indigenous Australians and bush riding

Rowley Doctor, one of the most famous riders of the Depression years was Aboriginal and he and Jimmy Callaghan (also Aboriginal) were the only riders clever enough to win competitions with the fiery, champion jumping pony Thumbs-Up. Why was this the case? Alan Chittick says simply that, ‘they really understood horses’.

While the contribution of Aboriginal people to stock work in northern Australia is well recognised, participation of south-eastern riders in almost all aspects of bush horse riding including, buckjumping, rodeo, racing, high-jumping and circus pursuits is less well known. Back further still into the 19th century, Aboriginal contributions through drovers, stockmen, black trackers and the native police, merit more research.

Bush culture horse sports

Other horse sports generated through bush culture are also integral to the development of bush riding in Australia. Included will be early steeple chasing and the fine art of playing polo, which contributed to the development of the Waler breed and the formation of the legendary Australian Light Horse mounted regiments. These are subjects which fold naturally into the origins of bush horses and riders, as is the complex cult of the brumby, and the rise of the Australian Stock Horse and its much loved bush accoutrement, the stock-saddle.

Neale Lavis with his favourite Australian stock saddle.
Neale Lavis with his favourite Australian stock saddle

Words and images of the bush

Overlying almost all these subjects are the vivid images of Australian bush horses and riders in art, poetry and literature. Their wild spirit has been captured and celebrated as an icon of Australian life. I hope to be able to indicate something of the great depth and richness of this material.

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