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The Australian Colonial Billiard Table is a masterpiece of late 19th-century Australian design.

Australian Colonial Billiard Table 1:40
Australian Colonial scoreboard - click to view larger image

Australian carving and furniture making

The table and accompanying scoreboard were created in the 1880s to showcase Australian craftsmanship to the world.

Benjamin Hulbert, a Sydney-based billiard table maker built the Tasmanian blackwood table in 1885 for display at the Colonial and Indian Exhibition in London in 1886. He employed master carver George Billyeald to decorate the table with 10 ornate figurative panels and other design elements.

Australian historical themes

The panels depict popular Australian themes of the time, including life on the goldfields, exploration, the discovery of William Buckley, the story of lost children in the bush, and the conflict between settlers and First Nations peoples.

National Museum of Australia Senior Curator, Dr Ian Coates:

Billyeald’s dramatic carvings change our understanding of how Australians viewed their world in the 1880s. The explicit images of conflict between settlers and First Nations peoples stand in sharp contrast to the later silence about this crucial aspect of our nation’s shared history.
An ornate wooden panel with a relief carving of a scene with what appears to be two men under attack by two other men with spears.

Conflict between settlers and First Nations peoples

Taking Australia to the world

The Australian Colonial Billiard Table and scoreboard are well travelled. On completion in 1885, the table and scoreboard toured to the United Kingdom and the United States.

It is believed that while in London they made an appearance at Buckingham Palace, where the table was admired by Queen Victoria and used by billiards enthusiast Prince Albert, the Prince of Wales.

International exhibitions in Australia and New Zealand

When the table returned to Australia, Hulbert continued to display it at major international exhibitions. It was awarded the first order of merit at the Adelaide Jubilee International Exhibition in 1887, and was also on display at Melbourne’s Centennial Exhibition in 1888.

View of a billiard table with ornate carved designs to sides and legs. - click to view larger image
End view of the table

By the 1890s Hulbert had moved to the NSW south coast, working as the publican at the Commercial Hotel in Milton. A visitor recorded seeing the table there in 1895.

The next record of it is in New Zealand, in 1912. Displayed in an Auckland shop, the table later featured in the Auckland Exhibition. Apparently, it was given as a raffle prize to C. R. Rainger of Auckland, who in 1921 gave it to Ray Court (also from Auckland).

At some point before 1980, the table passed into the possession of Captain Harry Carey, also from New Zealand.

It was sold at auction at Christie’s South Kensington in 1980, after which it went through the hands of a series of private collectors.

Acquiring the table and scoreboard

The Museum acquired the Australian Colonial Billiard Table and scoreboard for the National Historical Collection in 2022.

Donations to our Annual Appeal 2022 supported the acquisition along with assistance from the Australian Government through the National Cultural Heritage Account. This grant program assists Australian cultural organisations to acquire significant cultural heritage objects.

Logo for the Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development, Communications and the Arts.

Read the media release to learn more about the acquisition of the Australian Colonial Billiard Table.

In our collection

Koala by Robert Prenzel, 1925A rectangular wooden panel with a carving of a koala a perched on a leafy eucalyptus branch, surrounded by a rough-hewn timber frame. It is signed 'R. PRENZEL / SOUTH YARRA, VIC. / 1925' at the lower right hand corner. It also has a stamp on the reverse which reads 'ROBT. PRENZEL / TOORAK ROAD, / SOUTH YARRA'. There is a central...
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