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Filmmaker Alison Page reflects on the making of The Message: The Story from the Shore.

I had always thought the word ‘warrawarrawa’ meant ‘go away’.

Two young men stand atop rocks overlooking the ocean. They wear animal skins and white body paint. - click to view larger image
Ricky Campbell and Richard Silva as the two warriors who confront Cook at Kamay (Botany Bay)

That was the translation of the word inscribed on a simple monument at Captain Cook’s landing place at Kurnell. Go away, I had supposed, because Cook had written in his journal entry for 29 April 1770, ‘as we approached the shore, they all made off except two Men who seem’d resolved to oppose our landing’.

‘Go away’ seemed a logical deduction. But it isn’t true. Certainly, there were two men who seemed apprehensive about the arrival of this ‘big canoe’ — but, as it turns out, this was for very different reasons.

The true translation of ‘warra’ in the Dharawal language is ‘dead’. So what these men were yelling, probably to their own mob, was that these visitors were all dead, they were all ghosts.

Talking to Ray Ingrey of the Gujaga Foundation in La Perouse, I found out that the meaning of ‘warrawarrawa’ relates to our peoples’ deep beliefs about reincarnation.

It’s a story I have heard echoed by Aboriginal people in many parts of Australia, from the southern wilds of Victoria to the tip of Cape York.

Film set featuring a scene with a ship's captain and soldiers posing on rocks with Indigenous people. The camera focuses on an Indigenous man who stands and gestures with his hands.
On the set at Reconciliation Rocks

The making of the immersive film experience The Message for the National Museum of Australia’s Endeavour Voyage exhibition contributes to a greater narrative that seeks to tell the true history of modern Australia. To play a part in this work is both an incredible honour and a great responsibility.

But sitting in the makeshift recording studio we had set up at the beach in Cape York, listening to Kaurareg/Gudang Yadhaykenu man Tommy Savage sing a song called ‘Murkai gule’ (Ghost ship), I felt suddenly overcome by the full weight of that responsibility. The song had never been recorded for a film before. Tommy’s community, like many others, has been waiting a very long time to tell their side of the story.

Television camera showing a frame of a scene with a young man who has body paint on his face. - click to view larger image
Shooting the action at Kamay on a digital cinema camera

I had been asked to collaborate with four different communities along the east coast — Narooma, Kamay, Waalumbaal Birri and Possession Island — to create a 10–12-minute piece of cinema. While my practice is built on co-creation, this was the largest engagement process I had ever been asked to do.

The Museum was empowering communities to tell, often for the first time, the story of the Endeavour voyage from an Aboriginal perspective. This is not only important for them, but also hugely significant for the whole nation.

From the scripting to the casting, the communities we worked with were intensively involved, making it a culturally rich experience for everyone engaged on the film.

Ricky and Richard Campbell, who play the two warriors who meet Cook and his men at Kamay (Botany Bay), are descendants of those who were there in 1770, as were all of the actors engaged in the piece. They were occupying the skin of their ancestors at the very moment when those two cultures and knowledge systems collided 250 years ago.

The temptation for all of us was to approach this like a drama — a straight telling of the story to dispense with obscurity and make the history clear. After all, the Guugu Yimidhirr people of Cooktown proudly re-enact, in a theatrical way, the seminal moments of their story at an annual festival on the anniversary of Cook’s arrival.

Two young boys are standing on a beach with spear and bow and arrow raised in attack mode.
Young warriors stand firm in a scene from the encounter at Possession Island

But we — myself and Nik Lachajczak, through our creative partnership ZakPage Storytelling — had been commissioned to make a new media art experience which, through rich cinematography, song and evocative sound, was to encapsulate the emotional symbolism of the chapters of the story.

Like Aboriginal painting, the meaning takes deep diving to fully understand all its layers. While some of the scenes will reflect historical perspective and records, our main aim was to engender a visceral and emotive response through a highly engaging and sometimes challenging visual narrative.

Thankfully, this approach was embraced by the communities involved, especially when the narrative centred on the effective sharing of the message about these ghostly visitors by ingenious methods of communication such as smoke, message stick and bullroarer. As this ship sailed up the east coast, our people united to drive this message north.

A man wearing animal skins and body paint runs through a forest.
The message travels north

To create a sense of immersion in the gallery space, the viewing space is set up as a ceremonial ground as if the film is a new media version of a song cycle where the telling of Australia’s earliest contact with whitefellas had been repeatedly told for generations over the past 250 years.

While audiences would focus on the main, central screen, five shield-shaped screens cut into the curved wall on opposite sides would encircle the viewer, making them feel part of the song cycle and the retelling of the story in the Aboriginal way.

A female actor draped in animal skins stands on a beach with a film crew around her.
Ashweeni Mason and Warren Forster prepare for a scene on the southern coast at the moment of the Endeavour’s passing

Working with my own mob at both Narooma and La Perouse (Kamay) during the film’s production I have learned so much about the nuances of our spiritual beliefs and language.

With the Guguu Yimidhirr people at Cooktown, I could see why they were so proud of their encounters with Cook: their ancestors’ environmental activism when Cook and his men over-fished, followed by the extraordinary act of leadership shown by the little old man breaking a spear and offering it to the visitors as a gesture of peace.

A woman sits on stony sand with her hands placed on a large turtle shell. She is wearing a grass top. There are people in the background working with nets in the shallows.
Erica Deeral is a Guugu Yimidhirr woman saddened by the taking of female turtles by the Endeavour’s crew

The production, of course, was not without its challenges. Kicking off in September 2019, we began shooting just as Australia was entering into a catastrophic summer of intense wildfires and record temperatures. The numerous times Banks described seeing smoke and fires along the Australian coast, he certainly was not witnessing out-of-control bushfires. He was seeing controlled burns and messages in smoke.

But the life-changing aspect of working on this film for me was learning about the origin story of modern Australia — a story that has never been properly told because only one side of this history has been recorded until now.

What we all have to gain from knowing our true history is a much better understanding of our identity as a nation.

While these fleeting encounters in 1770 probably left both Indigenous people and Cook somewhat confused, by investigating the divergent and sometimes buried views of history, we have the opportunity now to create a new Australian narrative that is built on the best of both cultures.

While we are fully aware of the virtues of Western culture, it is the values at the heart of Indigenous culture — an ancient and enduring legacy of traditional ecological knowledge that truly cares for the land, the sky, the sea and the people — that we all need to rediscover and embrace.

A bearded man with white paint on his face, chest and arms extends his open left palm to the camera. Behind him, soldiers and Indigenous people rest on large rocks.
Frederick Deeral is the Guugu Yimidhirr man who offers Cook a broken spear in an act of reconciliation

My dad is an Aboriginal man from La Perouse on the southern shores of Botany Bay, and my mum is a ‘ten-pound pom’, so in some ways you could say I am a descendant of both sides of this story.

I know Captain Cook was the catalyst for a devastating change to a cultural continuum of more than 65,000 years, but I believe that on the 250th anniversary of that voyage we can start a dialogue that will ultimately lead to a true meeting of minds.

This film may be one of the first times ‘the message’ from the shore has been integrated into a single artwork, but it certainly won’t be the last. The stories from the ship and from the shore will be explored by many other artists, historians and communities for centuries to come. It is through these creative and investigative interventions that we will finally discover ourselves as a nation.

The Message 12:58
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