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New South Wales

Encounters. Indigenous contact and culture: a classroom resource

Caution: This website includes images and names of deceased people that may cause distress to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.

Wiradjuri country

Inland New South Wales

Wiradjuri country includes large areas of present day New South Wales. Wiradjuri guides assisted explorer Thomas Mitchell on his expeditions through their country. Explore the relationship between Mitchell and his guides and how Wiradjuri culture lives on today through art and community engagement.

  • A map of Australia indicating the location of Inland New South Wales
    Inland, New South Wales
  • Wiradjuri country  Inland New South Wales
    Setting the scene
  • An old black and white sketch of an unclothed woman with her daughter, who is also without clothes, on her shoulders.
    Turandurey and her daughter
  • A thin, dried, fibrous piece of root.
    Balyan (bulrush root)
  • Reed-like plants, mainly pale green in colour, with brown flower spikes on the upper reaches of some.
    Balyan (bulrush plant)
  • A painting on board featuring a blue river or stream, a blue sky, and a tree surrounded by other smaller trees and foliage. Merging within the landscape are hand and feet prints made of paint.
    Yanhanha Murruway painting
  • A man rests at the base of a large tree.
    Peter Ingram on country


Who's who?

What do you know about Wiradjuri country?

More activities

Yanhanha Murraway (Walking Together) painting

Activity: The Buckingbong to Birrego walk was a journey of healing for many of the participants. It inspired the painting above. You can read more in the Buckingbong to Birrego ebook on the Issue website.

There are different ways communities can remember and heal; ceremonies, monuments and events like this walk are a few examples. Do some research to see if you can you find other examples of healing or commemorative walks. Think about your local community. In what ways does your community remember and honour the past?

Balyan (bulrush root)

Activity: Investigate the balyan that Thomas Mitchell writes about in his journal. It is also known as bulrush plant or Typha. Find out where it grows and how Aboriginal people prepared it for eating. What other uses did this plant provide? These resources may help your research:

Wiradjuri language

Activity: Watch the video, Our Mother Tongue: Wiradjuri on the ABC Open website. Why do you think it is important that Aboriginal languages continue to be learned and used? How many languages do you speak? What are they? What Aboriginal languages are spoken in the region where you live?

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