Skip to content
  • Open
  • Free general admission

We are updating our new website in stages. This page will be changed to the new design but is not currently optimised for mobile devices.

You are in site section: Explore

Embroidered muslin dress

Ann Deane's wedding dress, about 1807

This is one of the oldest dresses in the National Museum’s collection. Widow Ann Deane brought it from England to Australia in 1838. Then more than 30 years old, it became part of a large collection of clothing and keepsakes that would be added to and cherished by five generations of the Deane and Faithfull families.

  • Front view of Ann Deane's embroidered muslin dress.
  •  	Rear view of Ann Deane's dress, with bodice tie wrapping at the back.
  • Interior of bodice.
  •  	The front of the bodice fastened by two lining extensions that were crossed over the chest.
  • Cotton cord tie detail.
  •  	Bodice featuring a shirred band, which has an insertion of machine-embroidered net (a later alteration) at the top.
  • Detail of machine-embroidered net inserted into the bodice of the dress during a later alteration.
  • Bodice tie and back detail.
  • Vertical leaf embroidery detail.
  • Vertical leaf embroidery detail.

Early 19th century fashion

We think Ann wore it on the day she married farmer and landowner Thomas Deane in 1807 in Upton Pyne, Devon. With its fine embroidery and hint of a train, this simple, elegant style of dress was a popular bridal choice. Its high waist, bib-front and column-like skirt would have been more comfortable than styles worn worn during the 18th and 19th centuries.


While some women were discarding restrictive corsets at this time, it is likely that Ann wore several layers under her dress. Her undergarments would have included a shift, petticoat and, to ensure correct posture, a stay, which was a soft corset that sometimes included a strip of wood, bone or metal known as a ‘busk’ running down its centre.


Soft, floating muslins in whites and creams were a popular choice in the early 19th century. Muslin was first exported from India and later produced in vast quantities in England. Clothing made from pale coloured fabrics, including muslin, was often a status symbol for regular wearers, as the garments soiled easily and were worn only by women who could afford to wash or replace them.

Journey to Australia

From the 1820s, free settlers from Britain began arriving in Australia. Ann Deane, her children – Ann, Mary and Robert – and grandson Edgar, arrived in Sydney from Barnstaple, Devon, in 1838. The social and economic instability caused by increasing industrialisation drove many families, like the Deanes, to leave England in search of wealth and opportunity.

Along with the everyday items Ann Deane need to settle in Australia, she also brought dresses and other garments that would be passed down through the family.

It is unlikely this dress would have been part of Ann’s everyday wardrobe when the Deanes arrived in Sydney. This style was popular between 1805 and 1810, and the slight train and beautiful vertical embroidery suggests it was not everyday wear. Pale coloured muslin gowns were often reserved for special occasions, as the fabric was difficult to keep clean.

Family heirloom

It is unlikely Ann wore this dress in Australia but instead kept it as a family heirloom. Ann Deane, daughter Ann and nephew Edgar, moved to Springfield station when Mary married pastoralist William Pitt Faithfull

Ann Deane’s will, dated July 1845 signalled her intention to pass her wardrobe on:

Alas I have little to give yet I hereby give devise and bequeath unto my daughter Ann Deane all and everything I may die possessed of namely my wearing apparel.

Return to Top