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Explore the effects of war on those at home, from Prime Minister Billy Hughes's determination to impose conscription on a divided nation, to Basil Watson's thrilling and ultimately tragic aerobatic displays in his homemade biplane, and May Gibbs's quaint postcards that carried messages of joy to soldiers at the front.


Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo

28 June

Myer Emporium opens in Melbourne

Sidney Myer
Sidney Myer
10 July

Great Britain declares war on Germany

4 August

Foundation of the Australian Red Cross

Elizabeth Anderson
Betty Anderson
Nursing aid
Florence Faithfull
Florence Faithfull
13 August

Australian forces capture German New Guinea

11–17 September


Landing of Anzac troops at Gallipoli

Phillip Schuler
Phillip Schuler
War Correspondent
25 April

Battle of Lone Pine

6 June

William 'Billy' Hughes becomes Prime Minister

Billy Hughes
Billy Hughes
Prime Minister
26 October

Evacuation of Gallipoli

19–20 December


First Anzac Day

25 April

British Somme Offensive

1 July

Battle of Fromelles

19–20 July

Battle of Pozieres

23 July – 3 September

First conscription referendum

Daniel Mannix
Daniel Mannix
28 October


USA enters the war

6 April

Aboriginal men allowed to enlist

Ngarrindjeri community
Ngarrindjeri community

Battle of Messines

Vincent Burns
Vincent Burns

The Great Strike

Alfred Spain
Alfred Spain
August – September

Second conscription referendum

20 December


Repatriation Department established

8 April

Battle of Villers-Bretonneux

24–25 April

Battle of Amiens

8 August

Battle of Montbrehain (AIF's last action on Western Front)

5 October

Armistice Day

Robert Menzies
Robert Menzies
11 November
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