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Learn more about each key event and check the answers for our quiz on Australian health.

D. Smallpox was brought to the Australian continent by Europeans in 1789.

Image: The effects of smallpox are shown in this photograph taken at North Head Quarantine Station, Sydney. National Museum of Australia

A. Governor Macquarie contracted three entrepreneurs to build Sydney’s first hospital in return for a short-term monopoly on rum.

Image: Sydney Hospital, Macquarie Street. Josef Lebovic Gallery collection no. 1. National Museum of Australia

B. The Bubonic plague was commonly referred to as the Black Death.

Image: Rats caught in Sydney. State Library of New South Wales 147265

D. The Australian Institute of Tropical Medicine was located in Townsville, Queensland.

Image: Leitz Wetzlar dissecting light monocular microscope. National Museum of Australia

C. 15,000 people lost their lives due to the outbreak of the Spanish flu in Australia.

Image: Women wearing surgical masks during the influenza epidemic, Brisbane 1919. John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland 108241

A. The Royal Flying Doctor Service was founded in 1928.

Image: Medical notes for use by outposts attached to Flying Doctor Base Wireless Stations. National Museum of Australia

C. Penicillin was first manufactured in Australia in 1944.

Image: Advertisement for penicillin production from Life magazine, United States, 14 August 1944. Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library

A. Fluoride was added to drinking water in Australia to combat tooth decay.

Image: The Examiner, 23 September 1953. National Library of Australia 61095626

B. Graeme Clark invented the bionic ear in 1978.

Image: Turban shell used by Professor Graeme Clark. National Museum of Australia

A. The Western Desert Dialysis Appeal is also known as Purple House.

Image: Reclining dialysis patient chair, Western Desert Nganampa Walytja Palyantjaku Tjutaku Aboriginal Corporation (Purple House) collection. National Museum of Australia

Updated: 7 October 2020
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