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Chinese restaurant

Defining Moments in Australian History

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Australia’s first Chinese restaurant, 1854

Australia’s first documented Chinese restaurant opened at Bakery Hill, Ballarat on the Victorian goldfields in 1854. Owned by John Alloo (Chin Thum Lok), the restaurant didn’t actually serve Chinese-style food. Instead, it offered European fare like plum pudding and roast beef.

First Chinese restaurant
John Alloo's Chinese Restaurant, Ballarat. State Library of Victoria.

The restaurant was very popular with miners in the area and even featured in a sketch by artist ST Gill. A replica of his restaurant stands at Sovereign Hill outdoor museum in Ballarat.

Alloo, who arrived in Australia in the 1840s, became a prominent figure in the Ballarat area and was appointed as the interpreter for the first Chinese Protector, William Henry Foster.

Alloo married a Scottish woman named Margaret Peacock and moved with her to New Zealand in the 1860s, but not before his popular Chinese restaurant inspired the creation of many others and the start of an evolving Aussie tradition.

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1984: Introduction of Medicare