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Late 19th century

Defining Moments in Australian History

WARNING: This website includes images and names of deceased people that may cause distress to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.


Late 19th century

1867: Australia’s first royal visit – by Prince Alfred, son of Queen Victoria
1868: Convict transportation to Australia ends
1868: Aboriginal cricket team tours England
1872: Free, compulsory and secular education introduced in Victoria
1872: Completion of the Overland Telegraph from Darwin to Port Augusta, South Australia
1879: Australia’s first national park created – (now Royal) National Park, Sydney
1880: The Bulletin established
1880: Ned Kelly’s last stand at Glenrowan, Victoria
1885: BHP begins mining silver, lead and zinc at Broken Hill in New South Wales
1885: Victorian Employers’ Union formed
1887: Chaffey Brothers introduce irrigation on Murray River
1889: 9 by 5 Impression Exhibition
1890–91: Depression and strikes; formation of the Labor Party
1894: Lawrence Hargrave lifts off in his box-kite at Stanwell Park
1894: Legislation introducing women’s suffrage, South Australia
1896: Edwin Flack becomes Australia’s first Olympian