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1911–1920

Defining Moments in Australian History

Warning: This website includes images and names of deceased people that may cause sadness or distress to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.

1911–1920

1911: Douglas Mawson leads Australasian expedition to Antarctica
1912: Australian Government introduces a maternity allowance
1913: Foundation of Canberra as the national capital
1913: The newly created Royal Australian Navy's 'fleet unit' sails into Sydney Harbour
1915: Australian troops land at Gallipolli
1915: NSW Government gains power to remove Aboriginal children from their families
1916–17: Conscription for military service overseas defeated in two referendums
1916: Federal–state agreement for soldier settlement
1917: Completion of Trans-Australian Railway linking Western Australia and the eastern states
1920: Country Party founded
1920: Qantas established