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1850s

Defining Moments in Australian History

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1850s

1851: Gold rushes in New South Wales and Victoria begin
1851: The separation of the colony of Victoria from New South Wales
1854: Australia’s first railway line opens in Victoria
1854: Rebellion of goldminers at Eureka Stockade, Ballarat, Victoria
1856: Melbourne building workers win an eight-hour day
1856: Secret ballot introduced and all adult men given the vote
1858: First organised game of Australian Rules football
1859: Rabbits successfully introduced into Australia
1859: Establishment of Australia’s first stock exchange