Humphrey No. 258: ‘a large fish-hook made of a singular shape, made of a large dark purple pinna marina Shell, from the Society Isles.’ (= Oz 377)
Humphrey No. 259: ‘Another [fishhook ... made of a large dark purple pinna marina shell] less.’ (= Oz 378)
Humphrey Nos. 260 to 263: ‘Four small Fish-hooks made of the purple pinna Shell, differently shaped, from ditto [Society Isles].’ (= Oz 379, 384-386)
The six matau in this group are on average longer than other examples in the collection, and are all made from a different shell material, namely the red fan shell (Pinna). The iridescent colour of this shell ranges from (rare) whitish glossy to (more frequent) matt reddish-dark brown. In some of the examples, the curves from the shank to the hook are U-shaped, and in others they are circular. The shanks in particular have cross-sections of varying widths. All the examples have a support at the upper edge of the shank, where the line, a cord of twisted plant fibres, was attached.
The use of these matau was the same as for those described above. Fish-hooks of this type of material were specifically illustrated and described in Parkinson (1773: 75 and 77, PI. 13, Nos. 20, 21, 24).
Parkinson, Sydney, A Journal of a Voyage to the South Seas in his Majesty’s Ship, the Endeavour, London, 1773.