About the Basin
The Murray-Darling Basin
The Murray-Darling Basin covers approximately one-seventh or 14 per cent of the total area of Australia.
The Basin spans five states and territories and contains Australia's three largest rivers.
The Basin is also Australia's most important agricultural region. It contains almost half of all Australian farms, producing wool, cotton, wheat, sheep, cattle, dairy, rice, oil-seed, wine, fruit and vegetables for domestic and overseas markets.
The Basin also produces one-third of Australia's food supply and supports over a third of Australia's total gross value of agricultural production.
While agriculture is vital to the Australian economy, the Murray-Darling Basin is much more than simply a 'food bowl'. It has an important place in the cultural heritage of Australia and includes many significant natural heritage features.