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Other Aboriginal breastplates

Other Aboriginal breastplates

WARNING: Visitors should be aware that this website includes images and names of deceased people that may cause sadness or distress to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.

The following list contains details about all references to Aboriginal breastplates, either in written sources or known to be or have been held in collections, which have been discovered in the course of research for this book. Not included in the list are the breastplates held in the National Museum of Australia's collection which are contained in the List of breastplates by state.

The inscription is given first and is followed (where known) by a date, location, brief description of the decoration, shape and metal, dimensions (exact or approximate where known), and (in brackets) a reference to the source of the information. The source of information is often a museum collection in which the item is held. The list is alphabetical according to the name (in bold type) of the person for whom the gorget was inscribed.

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Known pictures of Aboriginal people wearing breastplates

This list contains all the visual images of Aboriginal people wearing gorgets that were discovered during the course of research for the book.

The list follows this format: the inscription is given first and is followed (where known) by a date, location, brief description and a reference to the source of the information. The source of information is often a museum collection in which the item is held. The list is alphabetical according to the name (in bold type) of the person for whom the gorget was inscribed. The pictures from the National Library of Australia are in the Pictorial Collection.

Key to abbreviations:

NLA National Library of Australia
NMA National Museum of Australia

Benbow King - 1830s, Port Phillip (now Victoria); unsigned, undated sketch, State Library of New South Wales (Cannon 1983, 546)

Billy, King of Gracemere - late 19th century, Queensland (Lumholtz 1889, 363)

King Billy, Australia (NMA:Mr Gary Presland Collection, 1986.81.26)

King Billy, Ulupna - Murray River, Victoria; R emus, trees L kangaroos, trees (Cato 1976)

Billy Boney, King of Poison Creek (NLA:pictures, Australian Aborigines, king plates, Ferguson Collection)

King Brown. Woolumba - Noosa, Queensland (Steele 1983, 183)

King Budd Billy II - photograph of Budd Billy wearing his gorget seated beside his wife (Organ 1990, cover illustration)

Bungaree, Chief of Broken Bay Tribe - 1831, Sydney, New South Wales; drawn from life in 1831 by Charles Rodius, below sketch 'King Bungaree. Chief of the Broken-Bay Tribe, N.S.Wales. Died 1832.' (NLA:NK 880/9, d)

King Bungaree - Broken Bay, New South Wales, below sketch 'Bungaree. Late Chief of the Broken-Bay-Tribe, Sydney' (Fernyhough 1836, 19)

King Bungaree Native Chief of New South Wales - painting by Augustus Earle (NLA:NK no 2652)

Charlie Maranoa, Kunja Tribe - Maranoa, Queensland (McKellar, 1984, 30)

Fred Embrey, King of Mt Mia Station, Kilkivan, Feb 1st 1927 - Cherbourg, Queensland (South Australian Museum: N1375)

Jackey Jackey King of Logan and Pimpama - also John Logan and Aboriginal name Bilinba (meaning 'king parrot'); Logan River, Queensland; crescentic, chain (photograph and information from Ysola Best)

King Jimmy of Mara and Queen Polly - Darling River, New South Wales (Jeffcoat 1991)

Jimmy Nyngan, King of Cuttaburra - Maranoa, Queensland (McKellar, 1984, 26)

Koonkoo Nutatucullie - c1920; Mungerrannie, New South Wales; an old Wangkangurru man (Haigh and Goldstein 1979, 55)

Queen Lily and King Billy - photo captioned 'tribal Aborigines known as Queen Lily and King Billy of Ramahyuck, 1860s, Lily died of consumption in 1886 aged 54'; Victoria (Pepper and De Araugo 1989, title page; Stratford Historical Society)

Maria, Queen of Childers - Childers, Queensland; caption to photo 'you gibbet sixpence me bin queen' (Reynolds 1990, 150-51)

King Merryman, also Merriman - died 1909; Wallaga Lake, south coast New South Wales; R emu, tree, L Kangaroo, xanthorrhoea (NMA:Milne Album p. 15)

Mickey Johnson, King - c1896; Illawarra, New South Wales (NMA:Milne Album; NLA:pictures, Australian Aborigines, king plates)

King Morpha - Mt Shadwell Tribe; Portland, Victoria (Massola 1971, 138)

Murray Jack, Malian Yibal ?, King of the Wolgal - [inscription difficult to read] southern uplands New South Wales (Flood 1980, 33; King photograph no. 1061)

Nunberri, Chief of the Nunnerahs - 1837, New South Wales, sketch by Charles Rodius, below sketch 'Nunberri. Chief of the Nunnerahs, N.S.Wales' (NLA:3381)

Tatambo, King - Victoria (NLA:pictures, Australian Aborigines, king plates)

Tommy, King of Noosa, Weyba Gootharaba, Tumburrawa - Cooloothin Creek, Queensland (Steele 1983, 183)

King Tommy, Carrs Creek. Belonging to Hy. Dix. Esq, Grafton - Grafton, New South Wales (NLA: Australian Aborigines, king plates)

Ye-i-nie King of Cairns, 1906 - Queensland, on back of photo 'King Ye-i-nie, Cairns tribe, Collection M. Jean Chayer p.21/6/'27' (NLA:SA NK 1880 and 1881)

?nelly/?.ra/M. Lachlan - [almost illegible inscription]; R emu L kangaroo, xanthorrhoea (NLA:pictures, Australian Aborigines, king plates; Ferguson Collection, Lindt Album no. 17 N/572.994/LIN)

unknown - 1834, lithograph by Charles Rodius in his Natives of NSW, 1834, plate 8 'Scene in a Sydney Street'

unknown - c1875; photo captioned 'Alice River Blacks' taken at Alice River, Queensland (NLA:Views of Queensland Album. 262, p.44, c1875)

unknown - photo captioned 'At Home. A NSW Aboriginal King' (NMA: Mr Gary Presland Collection 1986.81.89)

unknown - photo captioned 'The Casino Tribe', New South Wales (NLA:Aborigines, New South Wales)

unknown - cartoon captioned 'Sydney Aboriginals - past and present' (Illustrated Sydney News 1880-81, 18.5.1880)

unknown - photo captioned 'Dyrraba Native Camp' New South Wales (NLA:Aborigines, New South Wales, reg. NL 28280)

unknown - untitled photo of man wearing gorget (NLA:pictures, Australian Aborigines, king plates, photo by HB Ballard; Mitchell Library:HB Ballard album, Muswellbrook, Singleton, 1884-1885, Still 05338)

unknown - photo of man from Warrnambool, Victoria (NLA:pictures, Aborigines-Vic-Warrnambool, RH Croll Photographic Collection)

unknown - photograph captioned 'Aboriginal encampment, Mt Leura, Camperdown, Vic' (NLA:pictures, Aborigines-Vic, Album Victorian News 994.5)

unknown - sketch captioned 'Native Camp near Lake Wellington, Victoria' (Illustrated Australian News, 15.5.1869:116)

unknown - c1908; photo captioned: 'Aboriginal Mia Mias, Murray River, N. Queensland' (NLA:NK 6633 postcard album 1908 278a)

unknown - man in photo captioned: 'Queensland Natives 1898' (NLA:Album 256, p.77)

unknown - sketch captioned 'Black's Camp. Lake Tyers Mission. Gippsland', Gippsland, Victoria 1869 (Illustrated Australian News, 7.8.1869:160)

unknown - photo of Elders from the Budjari and Kullila Tribes at the last big gathering at Caiwarro Station, 1913 one wearing a gorget (McKellar, 1984, 45)

unknown - photo captioned 'The limestone church at Ebenezer, opened 1875'; Victoria (Pepper and De Araugo 1989, 14; Miss Susan Robinson)