Unrest on the goldfields
With so many people rushing to the goldfields, the authorities found it hard to keep control. In Victoria in 1851, the government introduced a gold licence, which was unpopular with miners. They organised protests and petitions.
In 1854, near Ballarat, about 500 miners built and occupied a fortress that became known as the Eureka Stockade. The government sent in soldiers to attack the stockade. The soldiers won the battle, killing 22 miners. Despite its victory, the Victorian government abandoned the gold licence and replaced it with the much fairer miner’s right.
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