Endeavour runs aground
Did you know there was a goat, cat and greyhounds on the Endeavour?
The cat helped control rats and mice. Sheep, chickens, pigs and a goat provided the crew with meat, eggs and milk. And naturalist Joseph Banks took two greyhounds, which he used for hunting.
Stranded on the Great Barrier Reef
Captain James Cook left England on the Endeavour in 1768 with a large crew and several scientists and artists on board. It was Cook's first journey to the Pacific. He sailed to Tahiti then on to search for the 'unknown southern land'.
Cook first saw the mainland of Australia in 1770 and sailed up the east coast. The Endeavour became stuck on a reef off the coast of what we now know as Queensland.
Cook's crew threw objects, including six cannon, overboard to lighten the load and raise the ship from the reef. The Endeavour was sailed into a river for repairs, and to collect food and water.
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