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Cochlospermum gillivraei: Plate 12
Plate 12 from Banks' Florilegium shows Cochlospermum gillivraei (Cochlospermaceae), or kapok, a small deciduous tree that grows in north Queensland and the top of the Northern Territory. Solander could not associate it with any genus he knew, so he named it Argemonoides ricinifolia as it reminded him of Linnaeus's Argemone and its leaves reminded him of those of the castor oil plant (Ricinus communis). In 1882 it was described by German botanist Carl Sigismund Kunth as 'Cochlospermum' after its kidney-shaped seeds.
Photo: George Serras.
Take a closer look at the Cochlospermum gillivraei plate
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This specimen of Cochlospermum gillivraei was collected by Banks and Solander at Endeavour River, Queensland. Courtesy: Royal National Botanical Gardens.
This sketch was completed by Endeavour artist Sydney Parkinson in 1770. Courtesy: The Natural History Museum, London.
This watercolour, based on Parkinson's sketch, was painted by Frederick Polydore Nodder in 1778. Courtesy: The Natural History Museum, London.