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These images of Australian symbols and their various uses over time are drawn largely from the collection of the National Museum of Australia and other national cultural institutions.
The kangaroo was one of the earliest Australian symbols adapted by Europeans. It features on the coat of arms, in the arts, on currency and stamps, logos, and as a mascot for sporting teams.
Wattle has long been popularly regarded as Australia's floral emblem. It is seen on the coat of arms, is a popular motif in the arts and is worn in memory of Australians who have died in war and overseas.
Australia's national flag was the Union Jack until it was officially replaced by the blue ensign. The ensign combines the Union Jack with the stars of the Southern Cross.
The Sydney Harbour Bridge became a symbol of Australia's modernity when it opened in 1932. It quickly became a symbol to promote tourism and immigration to Australia.