The Australian Journeys gallery explores the journeys of people to and from Australia and the social, political and economic impacts of those journeys. Here are some of the objects that were previously on show in the gallery. These objects are from the National Museum's collections, unless otherwise stated.
All photos by George Serras, Lannon Harley, Dragi Markovic and Dean McNicoll, unless otherwise stated.
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'Red Lady with Laurel Wreath' sketch by Adelaide Ironside
First Australian artist to study abroad
Adelaide Ironside was the first Australian-born artist to study in Europe. In 1855, she sailed for Rome, determined to master the art of fresco painting.
This crayon sketch was completed in 1856. While abroad Ironside also completed Saint Catherine of Alessandria as Patroness of Philosophy, her first oil on canvas. It was shown to acclaim at the 1862 London International Exhibition.
Lent by a private collector.
Pocket chronometer used on board HMS 'Beagle'
Charles Darwin's time in Australia
Charles Darwin travelled as a naturalist on board the Beagle during its scientific expedition around the world from 1831 to 1836.
In 1836 he made observations on Australia's natural history, which contributed to the development of the theory of evolution.
This chronometer, made by the British watchmaker Robert Pennington, was one of 22 carried aboard the Beagle. Only two survive today.
Lent by the British Museum.
Several chronometers are on show in the Australian Journeys gallery, along with a film which shows an 1825 Barraud chronometer from the National Museum's collection at work.
Sir George Reid's walking stick
A statesman's journeys to Britain
In 1916 Australian politician Sir George Reid took his seat as the Member for St George's Hanover Square in the United Kingdom's House of Commons.
Reid came to Westminster having served in both the New South Wales and Commonwealth parliaments, including terms as premier and prime minister. He is the only Australian to have ever sat in all three parliaments.
He had played a critical role in the federation of the Australian colonies, and had been Australia's first high commissioner in London.
As well-known for his girth as for his compelling speeches, Reid relied on a walking stick to get around. In July 1917 British prime minister David Lloyd George gave Reid this walking stick in acknowledgement of his support during the Great War.
Listen to 'George Reid: A journey through three parliaments' audio
Senior curator Martha Sear detailed her research on George Reid's walking stick in a presentation at the National Museum on 13 August 2008.
Guna Kinne's Latvian national dress
A postwar Latvian migrant and her national dress
Guna Kinne (née Klassons) made this Latvian national dress over a period of 30 years.
She began, as a schoolgirl in Riga, sewing the blouse and skirt for a school project, and her father bought her the crown when she turned 16.
Kinne finished the jacket as she fled Latvia at the end of the Second World War. She wore the completed dress for the first time in a displaced persons camp in Germany.
Kinne migrated to Australia in 1948 and settled in Wangaratta, Victoria, where she added the bonnet, silver brooch and amber necklace to her national dress. She donated the outfit to the National Museum in 1989.
Listen to 'Guna Kinne and her Latvian national dress' audio
Curator Karen Schamberger detailed her research on the Latvian national dress in a presentation at the National Museum on 14 May 2008.
Tania Verstak's national costume
Australia wins Miss International
As Miss Australia 1961, Tania Verstak travelled to California to compete for the title of Miss International. Wearing her 'national costume', Verstak spoke of how, as an adopted daughter of Australia, she was grateful to live in a land so full of opportunity. In front of 7000 spectators and millions of American television viewers Verstak was crowned Miss International for 1963.
Verstak was welcomed home to Sydney by huge cheering crowds. The lord mayors of Sydney and Manly held civic receptions in her honour and she was congratulated by the Minister for Immigration and the Prime Minister, Sir Robert Menzies, for representing Australia so well on the global stage.
See also Tania Verstak's 1961 Miss Australia win (previous slide)
Handmade telescope 'model' given to Hermann Wehner
Building the Anglo-Australian Telescope
Engineer Hermann Wehner arrived in Australia from Germany in 1952, contracted by the Australian Government to spend nine months refurbishing and installing the Great Melbourne Telescope at Mount Stromlo Observatory near Canberra.
He was still working there 15 years later, when he was seconded to work on the Anglo–Australian Telescope, a joint British and Australian initiative to construct a world-class telescope in the Southern Hemisphere.
The Anglo–Australian Telescope was opened by Prince Charles in 1974. Wehner returned to his job at Mount Stromlo and, as a farewell gift, his colleagues presented him with this handmade 'model' of the Anglo–Australian Telescope.