The Australian Journeys gallery explores the journeys of people to and from Australia and the social, political and economic impacts of those journeys. Here are some of the objects that were previously on show in the gallery. These objects are from the National Museum's collections, unless otherwise stated.
All photos by George Serras, Lannon Harley, Dragi Markovic and Dean McNicoll, unless otherwise stated.
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Following British fashions
By the 1880s wool was Australia's most important export. Thousands of fleeces were shipped to Britain's mills to be scoured, carded, combed, spun, dyed and woven into cloth.
Some of the wool eventually returned to Australia — as bolts of fabric or ready-made clothing, drapery and furnishings.
The Faithfull family of Springfield station, near Goulburn, New South Wales, grew wealthy supplying wool to Britain. In about 1885, one Faithfull daughter bought this dress from David Jones department store in Sydney.
This pink fine wool dress consists of a bodice and skirt, made in about 1885. It represented the latest in British fashion, but its origins probably lay close to home. It is made of fine wool of the type grown on Springfield.
'Red Lady with Laurel Wreath' sketch by Adelaide Ironside
First Australian artist to study abroad
Adelaide Ironside was the first Australian-born artist to study in Europe. In 1855, she sailed for Rome, determined to master the art of fresco painting.
This crayon sketch was completed in 1856. While abroad Ironside also completed Saint Catherine of Alessandria as Patroness of Philosophy, her first oil on canvas. It was shown to acclaim at the 1862 London International Exhibition.
Lent by a private collector.
Pocket chronometer used on board HMS 'Beagle'
Charles Darwin's time in Australia
Charles Darwin travelled as a naturalist on board the Beagle during its scientific expedition around the world from 1831 to 1836.
In 1836 he made observations on Australia's natural history, which contributed to the development of the theory of evolution.
This chronometer, made by the British watchmaker Robert Pennington, was one of 22 carried aboard the Beagle. Only two survive today.
Lent by the British Museum.
Several chronometers are on show in the Australian Journeys gallery, along with a film which shows an 1825 Barraud chronometer from the National Museum's collection at work.
Sir George Reid's walking stick
A statesman's journeys to Britain
In 1916 Australian politician Sir George Reid took his seat as the Member for St George's Hanover Square in the United Kingdom's House of Commons.
Reid came to Westminster having served in both the New South Wales and Commonwealth parliaments, including terms as premier and prime minister. He is the only Australian to have ever sat in all three parliaments.
He had played a critical role in the federation of the Australian colonies, and had been Australia's first high commissioner in London.
As well-known for his girth as for his compelling speeches, Reid relied on a walking stick to get around. In July 1917 British prime minister David Lloyd George gave Reid this walking stick in acknowledgement of his support during the Great War.
Listen to 'George Reid: A journey through three parliaments' audio
Senior curator Martha Sear detailed her research on George Reid's walking stick in a presentation at the National Museum on 13 August 2008.
'Little Red Riding Hood' wall-hanging
In the aftermath of the Second World War, Australian teacher Valerie Paling travelled to Germany to work for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.
Her job was to help resettle some of the thousands of people displaced during the war. Paling received the Little Red Riding Hood wall-hanging in thanks for her work at a displaced persons camp near the town of Ulm.
The hanging was created by Olga Basylevich, a Ukrainian refugee, using a United Nations issue blanket and scraps of fabric and fur.
Paling returned to Australia with the wall-hanging. She donated it to the Forest Hill Kindergarten in Melbourne, where it was displayed until 1990.
View the Little Red Riding Hood animation (MPEG4 18.3mb) duration 05:24
An animation of the Grimm Brothers' 1812 version of the Little Red Riding Hood story, based on the wall-hanging, appears in the Australian Journeys gallery.
Listen to 'Re-presenting Little Red Riding Hood'
Curator Karen Schamberger detailed her research on the Little Red Riding Hood wall-hanging in a presentation at the National Museum on 30 May 2008.
Guna Kinne's Latvian national dress
A postwar Latvian migrant and her national dress
Guna Kinne (née Klassons) made this Latvian national dress over a period of 30 years.
She began, as a schoolgirl in Riga, sewing the blouse and skirt for a school project, and her father bought her the crown when she turned 16.
Kinne finished the jacket as she fled Latvia at the end of the Second World War. She wore the completed dress for the first time in a displaced persons camp in Germany.
Kinne migrated to Australia in 1948 and settled in Wangaratta, Victoria, where she added the bonnet, silver brooch and amber necklace to her national dress. She donated the outfit to the National Museum in 1989.
Listen to 'Guna Kinne and her Latvian national dress' audio
Curator Karen Schamberger detailed her research on the Latvian national dress in a presentation at the National Museum on 14 May 2008.