The Australian Journeys gallery explores the journeys of people to and from Australia and the social, political and economic impacts of those journeys. Here are some of the objects that were previously on show in the gallery. These objects are from the National Museum's collections, unless otherwise stated.
All photos by George Serras, Lannon Harley, Dragi Markovic and Dean McNicoll, unless otherwise stated.
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Handmade telescope 'model' given to Hermann Wehner
Building the Anglo-Australian Telescope
Engineer Hermann Wehner arrived in Australia from Germany in 1952, contracted by the Australian Government to spend nine months refurbishing and installing the Great Melbourne Telescope at Mount Stromlo Observatory near Canberra.
He was still working there 15 years later, when he was seconded to work on the Anglo–Australian Telescope, a joint British and Australian initiative to construct a world-class telescope in the Southern Hemisphere.
The Anglo–Australian Telescope was opened by Prince Charles in 1974. Wehner returned to his job at Mount Stromlo and, as a farewell gift, his colleagues presented him with this handmade 'model' of the Anglo–Australian Telescope.
Irish dancing costume made by Rachel Franzen
An Australian teaches Irish dancing in Dubai
Australian Rachel Franzen took up Irish dancing as a young girl living in Canberra. Irish culture isn't in her blood — she started dancing simply because classes were offered as an after-school activity conveniently close to her home.
After a year, Franzen was hooked. She went on to enjoy success in 10 consecutive Australian National Irish Dancing Championships.
Today, Franzen lives in Dubai in the United Arab Emirates where she works as an Irish dancing teacher and choreographer. She also runs a business designing and making Irish dancing costumes for students in Dubai and, via the internet, around the world.
Her designs blend traditional styles of Irish dancing dresses with modern fabrics and motifs drawn from Islamic architecture and decoration.
The design on this Franzen dress blends traditional Irish decorations with motifs derived from Arabic architecture. The pattern in the centre of the bodice, for example, is a traditional Celtic form signifying the continuity of life; while the decorations on the skirt petals were inspired by a tile from the Lutf Allah Mosque in Isfahan in Iran.
'Ningkushum' (Freshwater shark), by Lesley Walmbeng, wooden sculpture from Cape Kerweer, Western Cape York Peninsula
Taking Indigenous art to the world
In 1962 men and women of the Wik people — the Aboriginal peoples of western Cape York Peninsula in northern Queensland — organised a series of important totemic ceremonies.
Lesley Walmbeng created this shark sculpture for dances held at the Aurukun Mission station. The sculpture, now part of the National Museum collection, was originally collected by anthropologist Frederick McCarthy.
In 1988 curator Peter Sutton of the South Australian Museum selected the sculpture to appear in Dreamings, a large exhibition of Australian Aboriginal art that travelled to the United States. The sculptures first went on international display at the Asia Society Galleries on Park Avenue, New York.
Cotton scoreboard banner from the Melbourne Cricket Ground given to Nance Clements
Cricketing journeys to and from Australia
Cricketer Nance Clements made her debut for Victoria against a touring English side at the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) in 1934. She went on to play for Australia, becoming part of a long tradition of contests with bat and ball between Britain and its former colonies.
After her debut match, Clements souvenired the scoreboard banner bearing her name and discovered that 'LARWOOD' was painted on the back.
The MCG had apparently reused the banners from the Ashes Test series of the previous year, when Englishman Harold Larwood outraged Australian crowds and strained British–Australian relations by bowling fast, attacking 'bodyline' deliveries that injured several Australian batsmen.
Kuta Lines 'Streaky' hooded jumper
Indonesian influences on an Australian surf brand
Tony Brown, founder of Australian surfwear company Kuta Lines, left the beaches around Newcastle in New South Wales for the surf breaks of Bali in 1973.
Inspired by the textiles and designs he saw on this first trip to Indonesia, Brown had shirts and boardshorts made for friends and family. Today, with his wife Lynne and brother Mark, he runs a company that makes garments for beachgoers around the world.
From the 1980s, Kuta Lines made hooded 'Streaky' jumpers using a fabric developed in Indonesia. Traditional ikat weaving and dying techniques were adapted to create a fleecy, heavier-weight fabric that would keep surfers warm on the cold southern beaches.
Streakies came in many colours and became something of a cult fashion item on and off the beach.
Lent by Tony Brown.
Medal awarded to Francis Zavier Conaci
Two Aboriginal boys journey to Italy
A small group of Benedictine monks founded the mission of New Norcia on the Victoria Plains of Western Australia in 1846.
Their aim was to 'civilise' the Yuat — the local Aboriginal people — through education, religious instruction and agricultural work.
In 1849 two Yuat boys, John Baptist Dirimera and Francis Xavier Conaci, travelled to Europe with monk Dom Rosendo Salvado.
The boys joined the monastery at Cava, in Italy, to train as monks. There, for distinction in his examinations, Conaci won this medal.
Lent by New Norcia Monastery and Art Gallery.