The Australian Journeys gallery explores the journeys of people to and from Australia and the social, political and economic impacts of those journeys. Here are some of the objects that were previously on show in the gallery. These objects are from the National Museum's collections, unless otherwise stated.
All photos by George Serras, Lannon Harley, Dragi Markovic and Dean McNicoll, unless otherwise stated.
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Tree clearing tools used by group settlers
Clearing the land
Group settlers — known as 'groupies' — were mainly British migrants brought to Australia and given land for farms as part of an Empire-wide migration scheme.
They lived in 'group settlements' of 20 farms, helping each other establish their properties. But conditions were so tough, especially in the Great Depression, that many were forced to abandon their farms.
In Western Australia, group settlers were given land in dense jarrah and karri forests, which they had to clear by using hand tools and horses.
This image shows group settlers resting on a giant karri tree at Denmark, Western Australia, in the 1920s. A horse-driven stump puller and saws used in tree clearing are also on show in the Australian Journeys gallery. These objects were lent by the Denmark Historical Society.
Photo: Denmark Historical Society.
'Little Red Riding Hood' wall-hanging
In the aftermath of the Second World War, Australian teacher Valerie Paling travelled to Germany to work for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.
Her job was to help resettle some of the thousands of people displaced during the war. Paling received the Little Red Riding Hood wall-hanging in thanks for her work at a displaced persons camp near the town of Ulm.
The hanging was created by Olga Basylevich, a Ukrainian refugee, using a United Nations issue blanket and scraps of fabric and fur.
Paling returned to Australia with the wall-hanging. She donated it to the Forest Hill Kindergarten in Melbourne, where it was displayed until 1990.
View the Little Red Riding Hood animation (MPEG4 18.3mb) duration 05:24
An animation of the Grimm Brothers' 1812 version of the Little Red Riding Hood story, based on the wall-hanging, appears in the Australian Journeys gallery.
Listen to 'Re-presenting Little Red Riding Hood'
Curator Karen Schamberger detailed her research on the Little Red Riding Hood wall-hanging in a presentation at the National Museum on 30 May 2008.
Guna Kinne's Latvian national dress
A postwar Latvian migrant and her national dress
Guna Kinne (née Klassons) made this Latvian national dress over a period of 30 years.
She began, as a schoolgirl in Riga, sewing the blouse and skirt for a school project, and her father bought her the crown when she turned 16.
Kinne finished the jacket as she fled Latvia at the end of the Second World War. She wore the completed dress for the first time in a displaced persons camp in Germany.
Kinne migrated to Australia in 1948 and settled in Wangaratta, Victoria, where she added the bonnet, silver brooch and amber necklace to her national dress. She donated the outfit to the National Museum in 1989.
Listen to 'Guna Kinne and her Latvian national dress' audio
Curator Karen Schamberger detailed her research on the Latvian national dress in a presentation at the National Museum on 14 May 2008.
The Ride family's 'Nomad' brand tractor lawn sprinkler
Watering an English garden in Australia
David and Margaret Ride met and married in Hong Kong and later moved to Oxford, England. In 1957, David was offered the directorship of the Western Australian Museum, and the family, assisted to migrate by the Australian Government, settled in Perth.
The Rides' new home had a garden featuring English favourites like rose bushes, a willow tree and a lovely expanse of lawn, but the Rides didn't understand that to make it flourish they needed to water it!
Eventually the willow tree died, and the family purchased this 'set and forget' tractor sprinkler. The Nomad has a painted metal chassis, cast iron wheels and copper tube sprinkler arms.
Film of the tractor sprinkler at work, evoking the nostalgic sounds of the sprinkler mechanism and water spray in a time before water restrictions, appears in the Australian Journeys gallery.
View the tractor sprinkler in action (MPEG4, 12mb) duration 05:00
Tania Verstak's Miss Australia 1961 trophy
Tania Verstak becomes the first migrant to win the Miss Australia Quest
Tania Verstak was born in Tianjin, China to Russian parents who escaped the 1917 Russian revolution. When the Communist Chinese government began pressuring Russians to leave, the Verstaks fled to Australia, arriving in Sydney in 1952, where they settled in Manly.
In 1961 Verstak became the first migrant to be crowned Miss Australia. She also won the United-States based title, Miss International. The Miss Australia Quest ran annually as a fundraiser for the Australian Cerebral Palsy Association.
By the 1960s Australian society was becoming more multicultural. Verstak's win reflected a change in the national image.
Tania Verstak's national costume
Australia wins Miss International
As Miss Australia 1961, Tania Verstak travelled to California to compete for the title of Miss International. Wearing her 'national costume', Verstak spoke of how, as an adopted daughter of Australia, she was grateful to live in a land so full of opportunity. In front of 7000 spectators and millions of American television viewers Verstak was crowned Miss International for 1963.
Verstak was welcomed home to Sydney by huge cheering crowds. The lord mayors of Sydney and Manly held civic receptions in her honour and she was congratulated by the Minister for Immigration and the Prime Minister, Sir Robert Menzies, for representing Australia so well on the global stage.
See also Tania Verstak's 1961 Miss Australia win (previous slide)