The Australian Journeys gallery explores the journeys of people to and from Australia and the social, political and economic impacts of those journeys. Here are some of the objects that were previously on show in the gallery. These objects are from the National Museum's collections, unless otherwise stated.
All photos by George Serras, Lannon Harley, Dragi Markovic and Dean McNicoll, unless otherwise stated.
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Guna Kinne's Latvian national dress
A postwar Latvian migrant and her national dress
Guna Kinne (née Klassons) made this Latvian national dress over a period of 30 years.
She began, as a schoolgirl in Riga, sewing the blouse and skirt for a school project, and her father bought her the crown when she turned 16.
Kinne finished the jacket as she fled Latvia at the end of the Second World War. She wore the completed dress for the first time in a displaced persons camp in Germany.
Kinne migrated to Australia in 1948 and settled in Wangaratta, Victoria, where she added the bonnet, silver brooch and amber necklace to her national dress. She donated the outfit to the National Museum in 1989.
Listen to 'Guna Kinne and her Latvian national dress' audio
Curator Karen Schamberger detailed her research on the Latvian national dress in a presentation at the National Museum on 14 May 2008.
Tania Verstak's national costume
Australia wins Miss International
As Miss Australia 1961, Tania Verstak travelled to California to compete for the title of Miss International. Wearing her 'national costume', Verstak spoke of how, as an adopted daughter of Australia, she was grateful to live in a land so full of opportunity. In front of 7000 spectators and millions of American television viewers Verstak was crowned Miss International for 1963.
Verstak was welcomed home to Sydney by huge cheering crowds. The lord mayors of Sydney and Manly held civic receptions in her honour and she was congratulated by the Minister for Immigration and the Prime Minister, Sir Robert Menzies, for representing Australia so well on the global stage.
See also Tania Verstak's 1961 Miss Australia win (previous slide)
Handmade telescope 'model' given to Hermann Wehner
Building the Anglo-Australian Telescope
Engineer Hermann Wehner arrived in Australia from Germany in 1952, contracted by the Australian Government to spend nine months refurbishing and installing the Great Melbourne Telescope at Mount Stromlo Observatory near Canberra.
He was still working there 15 years later, when he was seconded to work on the Anglo–Australian Telescope, a joint British and Australian initiative to construct a world-class telescope in the Southern Hemisphere.
The Anglo–Australian Telescope was opened by Prince Charles in 1974. Wehner returned to his job at Mount Stromlo and, as a farewell gift, his colleagues presented him with this handmade 'model' of the Anglo–Australian Telescope.
'Ningkushum' (Freshwater shark), by Lesley Walmbeng, wooden sculpture from Cape Kerweer, Western Cape York Peninsula
Taking Indigenous art to the world
In 1962 men and women of the Wik people — the Aboriginal peoples of western Cape York Peninsula in northern Queensland — organised a series of important totemic ceremonies.
Lesley Walmbeng created this shark sculpture for dances held at the Aurukun Mission station. The sculpture, now part of the National Museum collection, was originally collected by anthropologist Frederick McCarthy.
In 1988 curator Peter Sutton of the South Australian Museum selected the sculpture to appear in Dreamings, a large exhibition of Australian Aboriginal art that travelled to the United States. The sculptures first went on international display at the Asia Society Galleries on Park Avenue, New York.
Cotton scoreboard banner from the Melbourne Cricket Ground given to Nance Clements
Cricketing journeys to and from Australia
Cricketer Nance Clements made her debut for Victoria against a touring English side at the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) in 1934. She went on to play for Australia, becoming part of a long tradition of contests with bat and ball between Britain and its former colonies.
After her debut match, Clements souvenired the scoreboard banner bearing her name and discovered that 'LARWOOD' was painted on the back.
The MCG had apparently reused the banners from the Ashes Test series of the previous year, when Englishman Harold Larwood outraged Australian crowds and strained British–Australian relations by bowling fast, attacking 'bodyline' deliveries that injured several Australian batsmen.
Kuta Lines 'Streaky' hooded jumper
Indonesian influences on an Australian surf brand
Tony Brown, founder of Australian surfwear company Kuta Lines, left the beaches around Newcastle in New South Wales for the surf breaks of Bali in 1973.
Inspired by the textiles and designs he saw on this first trip to Indonesia, Brown had shirts and boardshorts made for friends and family. Today, with his wife Lynne and brother Mark, he runs a company that makes garments for beachgoers around the world.
From the 1980s, Kuta Lines made hooded 'Streaky' jumpers using a fabric developed in Indonesia. Traditional ikat weaving and dying techniques were adapted to create a fleecy, heavier-weight fabric that would keep surfers warm on the cold southern beaches.
Streakies came in many colours and became something of a cult fashion item on and off the beach.
Lent by Tony Brown.