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Teachers notes and curriculum links

This interactive virtual panorama of the Resistance exhibit provides students with 17 clickable hotspots that will allow close examination of the items on display and is also embedded with 4 curriculum-linked activities suitable for students in Years 5-10.

Useful terms and concepts

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples / Indigenous Australians
The Indigenous peoples of Australia are not one community or cultural group. They are many, culturally diverse peoples, speaking different languages, living and practising highly individual cultures. In this document two terms are used to refer to this diverse range of peoples - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and Indigenous Australians. In essence these are short hand terms to refer to all Australian Indigenous people throughout the country. (Continuous Cultures Ongoing Responsibilities, Museums Australia Principles and guidelines for Australian museums working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultural heritage, p.11)

The scientific study of the origin and behaviour of man, including the development of societies and cultures

The systematic study of past human life and culture by the recovery and examination of remaining material evidence

The branch of anthropology that deals with the scientific description of specific human cultures

Native Title Rights
Native title is defined by the Commonwealth Native Title Act 1993 as the recognition by Australian law that some Indigenous people have rights and interests to their land that come from their traditional laws and customs. The native title rights and interests held by particular Indigenous people will depend on both their traditional laws and customs and what interests are held by others in the area concerned.

Native title rights and interests may include rights to:

  • live on the area
  • access the area for traditional purposes, like camping or to do ceremonies
  • visit and protect important places and sites
  • hunt, fish and gather food or traditional resources like water, wood and ochre
  • teach law and custom on country.

In some cases, native title includes the right to possess and occupy an area to the exclusion of all others (often called 'exclusive possession'). This includes the right to control access to, and use of, the area concerned. However, this right can only be recognised over certain parts of Australia, such as unallocated or vacant Crown land and some areas already held by, or for, Indigenous Australians. (see the Attorney-General's Department Native Title website).

The Noongar people are the traditional owners of the South West of Western Australia. The traditional lands of the Noongar extend approximately from Geraldton to Esperance and eastward to approximately 200 kilometres west of Kalgoorlie and include the Perth metropolitan area.

The return of ancestral remains and secret and sacred objects from museums and galleries back to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities of origin for reburial or storage in a keeping place or cultural centre.

The act of opposing something you disagree with. Resistance to foreign invaders in an occupied country or the government of a sovereign nation take many forms such as the use of physical force, guerilla warfare, social disruption or nonviolent means.

The Walpiri people are the traditional owners of Walpiri country which is located in the Tanami Desert, east of the NT-WA border, west of the Stuart Highway and Tennant Creek, and northwest of Alice Springs.

Yugambeh is a dialect of the Bandjalang language. The Yugambeh Bandjalang people are the traditional owners of the coastal areas of south-eastern Queensland between the Logan and Tweed Rivers.

Curriculum links

Australian Capital Territory

Essential learning areas

  • 1 The student uses a range of strategies to think and learn
  • 2 The student understands and applies the inquiry process
  • 3 The student makes considered decisions
  • 11 The student critically interprets and creates texts
  • 21 The student understands about Australia and Australians

New South Wales

History Stage 4

  • Investigating History
  • Aboriginal and Indigenous Peoples, Colonisation and Contact History
  • Changing Rights and Freedoms

History Stages 4 and 5

Northern Territory

SOSE: Social Systems and Structures

  • Time, Continuity and Change
  • Indigenous Studies
  • Civics, Governance and Social Justice
  • Values, Beliefs and Cultural Diversity


South Australia


  • Time, continuity and change
  • Place and space
  • Societies and cultures
  • Social Systems



Society and History

  • Identity, Relationships and Culture
  • Historical Inquiry
  • Communication



Physical, Personal and Social Learning

Discipline-Based Learning: Humanities/History

Interdisciplinary Learning

  • Communication
  • Thinking

Western Australia

Society and Environment

  • Investigation, Communication and Participation
  • Place and Space
  • Culture
  • Time, Continuity and Change
  • Natural and Social Systems


  • Understanding Language
  • Attitudes, Values and Beliefs
  • Processes and Strategies
  • Viewing
  • Reading