1867 Melbourne Cup
One of the earliest Melbourne cups, and a Queen's Plate trophy, won by champion racehorse Tim Whiffler.
AE Smith instruments
A string quartet crafted in Sydney and inspired by European masters.
A rare collection linked to the history of agriculture and industry in Australia.
Azaria Chamberlain's dress
Illustrates the intense media and public speculation about a baby's disappearance at Ayers Rock.
Bendigo Pottery collection
Domestic and decorative ceramic wares from Australia's oldest working pottery.
Bionic ear prototype
The original prototype cochlear implant and a major advance in the treatment of deafness.
Made in London and brought to Australia by the wealthy Blaxland family in the early 1800s.
Burke and Wills collection
Burke's water bottle and other objects linked to the 1861 overland expedition.
Bush pram and dog boots
Customised camping gear used by the Dunphy family on bushwalks in the Blue Mountains in the 1930s.
Chamberlain trial drawings
A collection of sketches from the high-profile 1982 trial of Lindy and Michael Chamberlain.
This distinctive French car, dubbed the little lemon, was the first to travel around Australia.
The world's largest collection of convict tokens, a rare personal record of transportation.
Cook's navigational tools
A magnifying glass and plane table frame used by Captain James Cook during his Pacific voyages.
CSIRO WLAN collection
Invention by CSIRO that is the basis for wifi technology and mobile networking.
Used by Queen Elizabeth II on her first official visit to Australia.
Daintree's glass plates
Snapshots of mining and life in 1860s Queensland from geologist and photographer Richard Daintree.
Daisy Bates collection
Clothing, photographs and a first edition book which belonged to the contentious welfare worker.
A 1913 French tourer used during the 1927 opening of Parliament House.
Diana Boyer art collection
Vivid paintings showing the impact of climate change on one woman's life as an artist and a farmer.
Dàn tre musical instrument
A 23-stringed bamboo instrument handcrafted by a Vietnamese refugee.
Elizabeth II 'wattle painting'
William Dargie's celebrated portrait of Queen Elizabeth II.
Elyne Mitchell's typewriter
A 1936 Corona Four typewriter used bythe author of 'The Silver Brumby' and other works.
Recovered from the Great Barrier Reef 200 years after it was jettisoned from Cook's 'Endeavour'.
Ernabella Arts collection
Silk batiks and ceramic works from one of Australia's longest running Aboriginal arts organisations.
Essington Lewis Holden
Owned by BHP manager and industrialist Essington Lewis, an early supporter of the Holden car.
Expo Mark II sound chair
A Featherston design linked with Australia's contribution to the 1967 Montreal world exhibition.
Faith Bandler's gloves
Worn while lobbying for recognition of Aboriginal Australians in the 1967 Referendum campaign.
Farm Life quilt
Made by teenager Nettie McColive while growing up on an isolated SA dairy farm in the 1930s.
First Fleet table
A 1790s Pembroke work table made in England with a veneer of Australian timber.
Four world maps
Beautiful pre-16th century maps illustrating the history of the Great South Land.
Fred Hollows collection
Portable ophthalmology equipment used in remote communities by the renowned eye surgeon.
Goolagong tennis collection
Wimbledon trophies and racquets belonging to Evonne Goolagong Cawley.
Governor King's snuffbox
Presented to Governor Philip Gidley King in 1801 and connected to key Australian colonial figures.
A girl's costume handmade during the Depression to promote her father's availability for work.
Hetherington doll's house
A mother's gift to her daughter, complete with miniature furnishings and figurines.
Holden Prototype Car No. 1
The definitive model for millions of cars and the sole survivor of three test sedans shipped to Australia.
A rare example of Australia's first minted currency.
Hurley's movie camera
A 35-millimetre camera used by Frank Hurley in Antarctica and the Middle East.
Jackie Huggins collection
An outfit worn by the Aboriginal historian at key moments in the reconciliation campaign.
Bushranger Ned Kelly defends his actions in this political manifesto.
Joe McGinness collection
A tuckerbox and wharfies' hook from Aboriginal activist and waterside worker Joe McGuiness.
Johnny Warren collection
Soccer uniforms, medals and trophies from a champion of football in Australia.
JS Murdoch drawing set
Fifteen drawing instruments in a presentation case owned and used by architect John Smith Murdoch.
The first known Australian made racing trophy, awarded at the Parramatta races in 1827.
Kenya station windmill
A Simplex windmill which stood on a Queensland property for more than 80 years.
Kinchela Boys Home gate
A powerful symbol of the systemic removal of Indigenous children from their families.
Konrads swimming medals
John Konrads' medals and memorabilia from the 1960 Rome and 1956 Melbourne Olympics.
Lane kangaroo collection
More than 150 pieces of kangaroo-inspired Australiana.
Latvian national dress
Migrant Guna Kinne's link with her homeland, sewn by hand over 30 years.
Leichhardt plate and medal
A relic from Ludwig Leichhardt's ill-fated 1848 expedition and a medal awarded by the Royal Society.
Les Darcy locket
A small gold locket worn by Winnie O'Sullivan, sweetheart of Australian boxing legend Les Darcy.
Liz Ellis netball collection
Memorabilia and uniforms owed by former Australian netball team captain Liz Ellis.
Lachlan Macquarie's ceremonial sword, and a celebration of his Scottish heritage.
Miss Australia crown
The crown awarded to three decades of Miss Australia Quest winners.
Mitchell's duelling pistols
A pair of pistols used by Sir Thomas Mitchell in Australia's last known duelling challenge.
Molly Goodall FJ Holden
A 1950s Holden Special Sedan owned by one woman for 25 years.
Mornington Is headdress
A gift from Aboriginal artist Dick Roughsey, best man at the first white wedding on Mornington Island.
Mount Everest climbing suit
Worn by 1984 Australian Mount Everest expedition team member Geoff Bartram.
Murray-Darling Basin Authority collection
Protest material documenting a community's reaction at a time of great environmental change.
Nelson's dog collar
Linked to a dramatic story of a dog saving a man during a flash flood in a Melbourne street in the 1880s.
Nowland's mail coach
A Concord coach used in northern New South Wales in the 1880s, and later in several films.
NSW Aboriginal artefacts
Rare boomerangs, clubs and a shield featuring elaborate decorations.
A rare record of life in the 19th century as drawn by a young Aboriginal man in Queensland.
Paddle Steamer Enterprise
One of the oldest working paddle steamers in the world.
Part of a body of work that transformed understandings of Aboriginal art.
Peter Pan's Melbourne Cup trophy
The 1934 Melbourne Cup trophy won by racehorse Peter Pan.
Phar Lap's heart
The unusually large heart of legendary racehorse Phar Lap, who died in mysterious circumstances.
Race to the Gold Diggings
An 1850s children's game produced in England after gold was discovered in Australia.
RAS Challenge Shield
A trophy linked to the early days of rugby league and star player Dally Messenger.
Richards cricket collection
Cricket gear used by champion players including Rod Marsh, Greg Chappell and Wally Grout.
Riding Hood wall-hanging
A handmade wall-hanging which illustrates a powerful story of postwar migration.
Rolf Harris wobble board
A wobble board used by entertainer Rolf Harris for more than 40 years.
September 11 Australian flag
An Australian flag retrieved from the ruins of the World Trade Center.
Sergeant Steele's sword
A ceremonial sword presented to Sergeant Arthur Steele on the capture of bushranger Ned Kelly.
Shellwork Harbour Bridge
Made by Esme Timbery in the Indigenous tradition of making shellwork artefacts in Sydney.
Snowy Scheme collection
Tools, models and memorabilia from one of Australia's greatest engineering feats.
Southern Cloud clock
A clock salvaged from the 'Southern Cloud' wreck, the site of Australia's first major civil air disaster.
A 19th century solid silver goblet awarded to Australian bare knuckle boxer William Sparkes.
Story of the Women's Camp
A large Papunya painting by Anatjari Tjakamarra, depicting a journey in a desert landscape.
Sundowner Bean car
Driven by adventurer Francis Birtles in record-breaking overland car journeys of the 1920s.
Tasmanian shell necklaces
Part of an unbroken cultural tradition, made by by Tasmanian Aboriginal elder Aunty Dulcie Greeno.
Taylor's glider replica
A full-size replica of the biplane glider used in Australia's first successful heavier-than-air flight.
The skin and body of a Tasmanian tiger, or thylacine, collected shortly before the species became extinct.
A treasured toy pig won by a girl on the way to meeting her father after the Second World War.
A 'make-do' toy tractor owned by a young boy living in rural Australia during the Second World War.
Trade union banner
A large 1920s Waterside Workers' Federation banner linked to the nation's oldest trade union.
Val Plumwood canoe
The canoe used by Val Plumwood during a crocodile attack in Kakadu National Park in 1985.
Victorian Exploring Expedition breastplate
A breastplate presented to Indigenous people who helped explorers Burke and Wills.
Victorian goldfields nugget
The story of the Bealiba gold nugget, found near the town of Bealiba (near Bendigo, Victoria) in 1957.
Warakurna history paintings
Contemporary works by Western Desert Indigenous artists, documenting 100 years of contact history.
WJ Macdonnell's telescope
A Grubb telescope used by a bank manager and amateur astronomer in his NSW observatory.
A modern take on mermaid-like spiritual beings from Western Arnhem Land.
Yvonne Kennedy collection
Personal objects relating to the only Australian who died in the 9/11 terrorist attack at the Pentagon.
Zilm family furniture
Hand-crafted by one of the first German families to arrive in Australia.