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Hibiscus meraukensis: Plate 23

Hibiscus meraukensis: Plate 23

Engraved plate

Hibiscus meraukensis plate

Plate 23 from Banks' Florilegium shows Hibiscus meraukensis (Malvaceae). Hibiscus meraukensis grows in tropical areas of Queensland, Northern Territory and Western Australia, as well as in the islands north of Australia. It is named for the Greek word 'hibiskos', meaning the marsh mallow, and 'Meurak', the area in New Guinea where type specimens were collected. Solander originally named this plant Hibiscus scabrosus because of its rough stems and branches — 'scab' means 'rough' in Latin.

This plate was engraved by Gerald Sibelius.

Photo: George Serras.

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Hibiscus meraukensis specimen


This specimen of Hibiscus meraukensis was collected by Banks and Solander at either Cape Grafton or Palm Island. Courtesy: Royal National Botanical Gardens.


Sketch of Hibiscus meraukensis


This sketch was completed by Endeavour artist Sydney Parkinson in 1770. Courtesy: The Natural History Museum, London.


Watercolour of Hibiscus meraukensis


This watercolour, based on Parkinson's sketch, was painted by Frederick Polydore Nodder in 1778. Courtesy: The Natural History Museum, London.