South African cap: A troubled career
In 1909, South Africa, England and Australia formed the Imperial Cricket Conference (now the International Cricket Council) to govern international Test cricket. New Zealand, India and the West Indies were admitted in 1926 and Pakistan joined in 1953. Today the council also includes Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe and Bangladesh.
In 1970, the council voted to suspend South Africa because the nation was refusing, in line with its government's policy of apartheid, to play non-white teams or to field non-white players. Many talented South African players were either unable to play or chose to immigrate to other cricketing nations. Kepler Wessels, for example, played first for Australia then later returned to his homeland of South Africa.
Following the dissolution of apartheid, South Africa was reinstated as a Test nation and played its first match against India in 1991.
In 1993, the South African team toured Australia and the following Australia made a return tour, rekindling a fierce cricketing rivalry.
Right: In 1965, South Africa toured England. At Lord's Cricket Ground in London they were met by anti-apartheid demonstrators. Courtesy: Douglas Miller, Getty Images.
Right: South Africa's Clive Rice leads his team back into international cricket at the first One-Day International between India and South Africa on 10 November 1991. Courtesy: PA Photos.
Right: At the first One-Day International between India and South Africa in 1991, the Indian crowds expressed their support for black South Africans in their struggle for the right to vote. Courtesy: Shaun Botterill, Getty Images.
More on the South African cap