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Latvian natural-coloured linen waistcoat with black embroidery

Object type
Waistcoats

Object number
1990.0047.0003

Description
Naturally coloured linen waistcoat / sleeveless jacket decorated with an embroidered black pattern of geometric curves at the edges, on the chest and hips. The waistcoat is lined with a coarse linen fabric. There is a hook eye fastener at front. The waistcoat is gathered above each hip into a flare.

Collection name
Guna Kinne collection no. 1

Collection statement of significance
The Guna Kinne Collection no 1 comprises objects which make up a Latvian womanÂ’s national costume including blouse, waistcoat, skirt, headdress, bonnet and brooches. Guna Kinne made the outfit over a period of 30 years, starting work on it as a sewing project while a schoolgirl in Riga in 1942, completing the jacket as she fled Latvia at the end of the Second World War, final touches were made to the costume after she migrated to Australia. As she fled her homeland, she took the unfinished costume with her, together with some clothes and photographs. She later wore the costume at a dance in a displaced persons camp in Germany, the day she met her future husband.

Mrs Kinne's experiences are representative of post-war Latvian migration to Australia. After World War Two, the Australian Government adopted a new immigration policy which encouraged European emigration to Australia to boost a low population. By 1952 almost 20,000 Latvians had come to Australia as part of the program. Many, including Mrs Kinne, participated in Latvian community organisations formed to help maintain cultural activities and provide mutual social support as emigrants adapted to life in their new country. Mrs Kinne and her husband Arturs arrived in 1948 and settled in Maffra, Wangaratta and then Melbourne in Victoria. Mr Kinne attempted to make a living through his wood carving and used his skills in dairy production while Mrs Kinne continued her artistic skills through colouring photos as paid employment and painting as a hobby.

Maker
Mrs Guna Kinne

Place made
Riga, Latvia

Place made
Germany

Date made
1942 - 1945

Wearer
Mrs Guna Kinne

Place worn
Germany

Place worn
Maffra, Victoria, Australia

Place worn
Wangaratta, Victoria, Australia

Place worn
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Period of use
1945 - 1975
Approximate

Materials
Linen, Cotton thread

Dimensions
Width: 510mm
Height: 532mm
Depth: 30mm



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