Basic search  |  Advanced search  |  Browse  |  Help  |  Feedback

Collection search

NMA Collections Search - object record



Additional images



'Kunkun' by Nora Nangapa, Nora Wompi, Bugai Whylouter, Kumpaya Girgaba, 2008

Object type
Paintings

Object number
2008.0041.0119

Description
An acrylic on canvas line and circle painting. It features a dark blue oval in the centre. The rest of the painting illustrates clusters of concentric ovals and circles.

The central water in this painting is Kunkun, an important women's site belonging to Marlu Jukurrpa, or 'Kangaroo Dreaming'. The Canning Stock Route itself runs along the top edge of the painting. The painting was completed during a Canning Stock Route Project workshop at Kunawarritji in 2008. Two younger women, Mary Njana and Jacinta Galova, helped the senior artists paint Kunkun. As they did so, they learned some of the stories, which are integral to education in desert cultures. After completing the painting, the artists travelled to Kunkun, where they taught young women the song and dance for this Country.

Kumpaya Girgiba called out the names of the water sources as she lay down the initial brushstrokes for this painting, showing Kunawarritji, Kunkun and the broader region. The central blue teardrop shape represents Kunkun soak, the country of Kumpaya’s first husband and was one of the first elements defined, at which point she began telling the Kangaroo Story (Marlu Jukurrpa). This Jukurrpa is also significant within men's law and contains elements restricted to initiated men and women. [see notes]

Apart from Kunkun itself, there are another 56 named sites depicted in this painting, 11 of which are stock route wells. These are places where the artists lived, where family members were born and died, and where ancestral beings left their power. If we begin naming water sources from Kiwirrkura back to Windy Corner and onwards, the water sources on the left of the teardrop shape have names approximately as follows.

Close to CSR:

Yunapayi

Parnayiyurungu

Kitipilinypa

Closer to Kiwirrkura:

Patara

Yumankaja

Tajilan

Furthest from CSR:

Nankankaja

Ngurrinyi / Nguurrili (unclear)

Pinkari

Kawingara Yinta

Furthest from CSR, right hand side of teardrop/hook:

Warn

Mulyakurtu

Yuluwa

Yarrkarin

Kirritikiti

Kiriji

Pulkurra

Midway back towards CSR, to the bottom right of the teardrop/hook:

Kunkun soak

Kunkun windmill

Heading parallel to the CSR

Pinpangari

Yinjamil jurnu

Talinguwaya jurnu

Wilkujapayi

Manguri (wild onion place)

Pulpul

Then close to the CSR, from the teardrop/hook towards the right:

Wirtarr

Juntaru

Kayanman rockhole

Wanawanti

Yurltur (a big rockhole)

Pinakurangu

Mukula Yinta

Note that the Marlu story seems to begin around Yunapayi, and curves around the outside of the hook towards and then past the teardrop.

Kumpaya's were the top middle and top right sections.

Nora Nungabar’s section (top left)

From the top left hand corner, heading along the CSR towards Kumpaya:

Kilykily

Kinyu

Pangkapirni

Nyipil

Kunawarritji

In a parallel, somewhat sloping line, also left to right, run:

Yiriti yinta (a big snake left here and went to Punmu)

Kiwirl

Parti jurnu

Lipuru

Wala wala jurnu

Nora Wompi’s section (bottom left)

Karru creek. (starting in the corner, flowing along edge of canvas)

Wanariwunu (Regular size, fourth from edge)

Munyujurl (Very large, fifth from creek)

Kuritji (Sixth from creek)

All these waterholes belong to Wompi’s mother’s country.

Bugai Whylouter’s section (bottom right)

Tiwa

Wantili

Kartaru - We used to walk around those yinta.

Juntujuntu

Wilykunyinpa

Kalpaa

Yural

Karilykarilypa

Jiralyjiral

Karannyalypa

Marlunyira,

Wuranu

Collection name
Canning Stock Route collection

Collection statement of significance
The Canning Stock Route collection is comprised of 125 works and includes paintings, drawings, baskets, boomerangs, coolamons, headdresses, carved figures and shields.

The Canning Stock Route is a no-longer-used cattle droving route that traverses the Great Sandy and Gibson Deserts of central Western Australia. Comprised of 48 wells along an 1800 kilometres stretch of track, the route links Wiluna in the south with Sturt Creek in the north and traverses the traditional lands of nine Aboriginal language groups. The route was founded in 1905 when Alfred Canning was commissioned to investigate a route suitable for the droving of 500 head of cattle, with water sources spaced at intervals of no more than one day's walk apart. Although Canning's map records observations of the land and water resources, it makes no mention of Indigenous places and their associated meanings which the route traversed. This collection, composed of 'painting stories', sculptural works and oral histories, re-dresses Canning's omission and records the impact of the stock route on Indigenous lives and country. A six week journey with traditional owners held in July and August of 2007 inspired the artworks, many of which were produced during the journey, and provided an opportunity for more than 70 senior and emerging artists to reconnect with traditional lands..

Artist
Nora Nangapa

Artist
Nora Wompi

Artist
Bugai Whylouter

Artist
Kumpaya Girgaba

Production place
Canning Stock Route, , Australia

Production date
2008

Associated organisation
Martumili Artists
Art centre

Materials
Canvas, Acrylic paint

Dimensions
Width: 2940mm
Height: 1245mm
Depth: 40mm



Back   |  New search   |  Send us feedback on this object