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Workfare, welfare and the hybrid economy: The Western Arrernte in Central Australia

Diane Austin-Broos, University of Sydney

Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies conference, 10 November 2009

A self-proclaimed ‘hybrid economy skeptic’, Diane Austin-Broos offers some reasons why the Western Arrernte’s Community Development Employment Project became ‘welfare’ rather than ‘workfare.’

economy, indigenous, work

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Social and cultural factors in remote area Indigenous enterprise development

Deirdre Tedmanson (paper co-authored by Bobby Banerjee)

Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies conference, 10 November 2009

Deirdre Tedmanson uses Foucault’s notion of ‘governmentality’ to explore impediments to enterprise development in ‘remote’ homelands and communities on the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara lands of South Australia, and ways of overcoming them.

economy, indigenous

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From barter to award wages: Aboriginal labour and Methodist missions in Arnhem Land

Gwenda Baker, Monash University

Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies conference, 10 November 2009

Gwenda Baker traces the history of Aboriginal labour on Methodist missions in Arnhem Land, where award wages led to fewer jobs. While resenting the low wages, some Aborigines see their work on the missions as a highlight of enterprise and achievement.

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economy, indigenous, work

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Indigenous modes of exchange and participation in the Indonesian trepang industry

Daryl Guse, Australian National University

Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies conference, 9 November 2009

Daryl Guse discusses archaeological research in north-western Arnhem Land that indicates early Indigenous participation in and trade with the Indonesian trepang maritime industry, and the adaptability of Indigenous coastal communities.

economy, food, indigenous

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Evidently not!

Mike Pickering, National Museum of Australia

Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies conference, 9 November 2009

Museum collections exaggerate the traditional lives of Indigenous Australians. Here, Mike Pickering seeks to expand Indigenous history to include items that, though the product of western industry, were mostly used by Indigenous workers.

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economy, indigenous, ways of knowing

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The art of cutting stone: Aboriginal convict labour in 19th-century New South Wales and Van Diemen’s Land

Kristyn Harman, University of Tasmania

Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies conference, 9 November 2009

In the first half of the 19th century, at least sixty Aboriginal men from New South Wales were transported as convicts. Kristyn Harman discusses their labours within the convict system, the rationale for putting them to work, and the outcomes.

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colonial, economy, indigenous, work

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The hybrid economy as political project

Professor Jon Altman, Australian National University

Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies conference, 9 November 2009

Altman introduces his conceptual framework ‘the hybrid economy’, devised as a means to overcome the binary between market/non-market and to explore alternative ways of understanding and practising ‘development’.

economy, indigenous, politics

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Settler economies and Indigenous encounters

Christopher Lloyd, University of New England

Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies conference, 9 November 2009

Christopher Lloyd explores and discusses the development, meaning, use, and usefulness of the concepts of ‘conquest’, ‘hybridity’, and ‘production regimes’ in the field of research into the history of settler/Indigenous relations and their consequences.

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conflict, economy, indigenous, politics

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Small Aboriginal community incorporations on shifting ground: A perspective from Ltyentye Apurte Community, Santa Teresa

Judy Lovell, University of Canberra (paper co-authored by Camille Dobson and Veronica Dobson)

Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies conference, 9 November 2009

Judy Lovell describes Keringke Arts Aboriginal Incorporation and the effect of the ‘Emergency Response’ and government reforms; and Ntwerle Aboriginal Incorporation, a new initiative promoting and hosting whitefella leadership training programs.

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art, economy, indigenous, industry

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The economy of shells: A history of Aboriginal women at La Perouse making shellwork for sale

Maria Nugent, National Museum of Australia

Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies conference, 9 November 2009

Maria Nugent explores the 130-year-long practice of shell-working by Aboriginal women at La Perouse in Sydney’s south, and how the makers have been able to create or find new markets by adapting their products to appeal to new customers.

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art, economy, indigenous, industry, women

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