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Part two: Performance reports

An image reminiscent of a dress-ups room. In the front left of the image are two people – a man with his back to the camera, a woman facing the camera but looking to the side. In front of them are tables piled with a variety of boxes, hats, drawing, capes, cloth and other objects. In the background smocks and cut outs of people dressed in costumes are hanging on the wall. On the right side of the image a woman and man are facing the camera and looking at a box that says 'Conductor Set' on the front.
Andrew Lindsay, curator Rowan Henderson, Hilarie Lindsay and valuer Simon Storey view items at the Lindsay's of Leichhardt Toy Factory in Leichhardt, Sydney.

History

Although it is one of Australia's newest cultural institutions, the National Museum of Australia was almost 100 years in the making. Over the course of the twentieth century, proposals for a national museum were intermittent, interrupted by wars and financial crises and stifled by government inaction.

A national inquiry in 1975 (the 'Pigott Report') finally resulted in the creation of the Museum in 1980 with the passing of the National Museum of Australia Act. Collecting officially began with significant collections inherited from Australian Government collections including the Australian Institute of Anatomy. A location was identified at Yarramundi Reach, Canberra.

In December 1996 the building of the Museum was announced as the key Centenary of Federation project, and Acton Peninsula was chosen as the site, with funding confirmed in 1997. The National Museum of Australia opened on 11 March 2001. It is home to the National Historical Collection and is one of the nation's major cultural institutions.

The Museum's exhibitions, collections, programs and research focus on three interrelated themes, specified in the National Museum of Australia Act 1980. They are:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander history and culture
  • Australia's history and society since 1788
  • the interaction of people with the environment.

These areas define the Museum's intellectual and conceptual framework, which is articulated to the public through the themes of land, nation and people.